The benefits of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers combined with calcium channel blockers on metabolic, renal, and cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients: a meta-analysis.Int Urol Nephrol. 2018 Dec; 50(12):2261-2278.IU
The prevalence of hypertension and its associated complications are markedly growing. Most patients need more than one drug to achieve blood pressure (BP) target. However, most guidelines only focus on the first-line treatment. We conducted a meta-analysis to explore the benefits of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) combined with calcium channel blockers (CCBs) on metabolic, renal, and cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients.
A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Clinical Trials.gov (until April 7, 2016) to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the benefits of ACEIs/ARBs combined with CCBs versus other dual or triple combinations on clinical outcomes in hypertensive patients. Random effects models were used to compute the weighted mean difference (WMD) for continuous variables.
Sixty RCTs (48,913 patients) were identified. When compared with other combinations, the combination of ACEIs/ARBs and CCBs had comparable WMD of systolic as well as diastolic BP (73 study arms) but provided better benefits on metabolic parameters, such as HDL, FBS, HbA1C, and serum uric acid; renal functions, including serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate; and cardiovascular diseases, including reduction of all cardiovascular events, myocardial infarction, and syncope/hypotension. A significant increase of serum potassium was observed.
The combination of ACEIs/ARBs with CCBs has superior benefits on metabolic, renal, and cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients. Therefore, this combination should be considered whenever monotherapy does not achieve the guideline target.