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Quitting Behaviors Among Dual Cigarette and E-Cigarette Users and Cigarette Smokers Enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2019 02 18; 21(3):278-284.NT

Abstract

PURPOSE

We examined quitting behaviors among a cohort of dual users (cigarettes and electronic cigarettes [e-cigarettes]) and exclusive cigarette smokers for: (1) cigarette smoking reduction, (2) quit attempts, (3) abstinence from cigarettes, and (4) abstinence from all tobacco products.

METHODS

Participants enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort and categorized as "daily" user of cigarettes and "daily" or "some days per week" use of e-cigarettes (ie, dual users; n = 88) or "daily" user of cigarettes only (ie, cigarette smokers; n = 617) served as the analytic sample. Participants were interviewed face to face every 6 months, through 18 months. Data on self-reported current product(s) used, cessation interest, quit attempts and abstinence from cigarettes, and all tobacco products were collected.

RESULTS

No difference in reduction of cigarette consumption over time was noted between groups. Rates of reporting an attempt to quit all tobacco products (≥ 24 hours of not using any tobacco in an attempt to quit) also did not differ by group. Compared to cigarette smokers, dual users were more likely to report abstinence from cigarettes at 6 months (OR = 2.54, p = .045) but not at 12 or 18 months. There was no significant difference in abstinence from all tobacco products by group at 6, 12, or 18 months.

CONCLUSIONS

Although dual use of e-cigarettes has been cited as a potential cessation tool for cigarette smokers, our findings indicated that this association was only observed in the short term. We also found no evidence of any association between dual use and eventual abstinence from all tobacco products.

IMPLICATIONS

Our study observed that, in the natural environment, dual users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes were more likely than cigarette smokers to quit cigarettes in the short term but no more likely to quit using cigarettes and all tobacco products over time.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH.Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH.Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH.Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH. Division of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH.Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH. Division of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH.Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH. Division of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Ohio State University Columbus, OH.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30346585

Citation

Sweet, Laura, et al. "Quitting Behaviors Among Dual Cigarette and E-Cigarette Users and Cigarette Smokers Enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 21, no. 3, 2019, pp. 278-284.
Sweet L, Brasky TM, Cooper S, et al. Quitting Behaviors Among Dual Cigarette and E-Cigarette Users and Cigarette Smokers Enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort. Nicotine Tob Res. 2019;21(3):278-284.
Sweet, L., Brasky, T. M., Cooper, S., Doogan, N., Hinton, A., Klein, E. G., Nagaraja, H., Quisenberry, A., Xi, W., & Wewers, M. E. (2019). Quitting Behaviors Among Dual Cigarette and E-Cigarette Users and Cigarette Smokers Enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 21(3), 278-284. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty222
Sweet L, et al. Quitting Behaviors Among Dual Cigarette and E-Cigarette Users and Cigarette Smokers Enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort. Nicotine Tob Res. 2019 02 18;21(3):278-284. PubMed PMID: 30346585.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Quitting Behaviors Among Dual Cigarette and E-Cigarette Users and Cigarette Smokers Enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort. AU - Sweet,Laura, AU - Brasky,Theodore M, AU - Cooper,Sarah, AU - Doogan,Nathan, AU - Hinton,Alice, AU - Klein,Elizabeth G, AU - Nagaraja,Haikady, AU - Quisenberry,Amanda, AU - Xi,Wenna, AU - Wewers,Mary Ellen, PY - 2018/04/23/received PY - 2018/10/16/accepted PY - 2018/10/23/pubmed PY - 2019/12/19/medline PY - 2018/10/23/entrez SP - 278 EP - 284 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob Res VL - 21 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: We examined quitting behaviors among a cohort of dual users (cigarettes and electronic cigarettes [e-cigarettes]) and exclusive cigarette smokers for: (1) cigarette smoking reduction, (2) quit attempts, (3) abstinence from cigarettes, and (4) abstinence from all tobacco products. METHODS: Participants enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort and categorized as "daily" user of cigarettes and "daily" or "some days per week" use of e-cigarettes (ie, dual users; n = 88) or "daily" user of cigarettes only (ie, cigarette smokers; n = 617) served as the analytic sample. Participants were interviewed face to face every 6 months, through 18 months. Data on self-reported current product(s) used, cessation interest, quit attempts and abstinence from cigarettes, and all tobacco products were collected. RESULTS: No difference in reduction of cigarette consumption over time was noted between groups. Rates of reporting an attempt to quit all tobacco products (≥ 24 hours of not using any tobacco in an attempt to quit) also did not differ by group. Compared to cigarette smokers, dual users were more likely to report abstinence from cigarettes at 6 months (OR = 2.54, p = .045) but not at 12 or 18 months. There was no significant difference in abstinence from all tobacco products by group at 6, 12, or 18 months. CONCLUSIONS: Although dual use of e-cigarettes has been cited as a potential cessation tool for cigarette smokers, our findings indicated that this association was only observed in the short term. We also found no evidence of any association between dual use and eventual abstinence from all tobacco products. IMPLICATIONS: Our study observed that, in the natural environment, dual users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes were more likely than cigarette smokers to quit cigarettes in the short term but no more likely to quit using cigarettes and all tobacco products over time. SN - 1469-994X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30346585/Quitting_Behaviors_Among_Dual_Cigarette_and_E_Cigarette_Users_and_Cigarette_Smokers_Enrolled_in_the_Tobacco_User_Adult_Cohort_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ntr/nty222 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -