Aphasic status epilepticus preceding tumefactive left hemisphere lesion in anti-MOG antibody associated disease.Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2019 Jan; 27:91-94.MS
Anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies have recently been associated with epilepsy with FLAIR hyperintense cortical lesions on MRI. Association between anti-MOG antibodies and epilepsy without detectable structural brain lesion on MRI is unknown.
A 48-year-old right-handed man with a four-and-a-half year history of anti-MOG antibody associated demyelinating disease presented with persistent global aphasia. Brain MRI showed no new lesion or cortical lesion in the left hemisphere. Electroencephalogram, magnetoencephalography, and brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography suggested epileptic foci in the left temporal and parietal lobes, and the patient's aphasia transiently responded to intravenous diazepam, compatible with aphasic status epilepticus. Cerebrospinal fluid showed mildly elevated cell count and positive oligoclonal bands. The patient only partially responded to antiepileptic drugs but responded to steroid pulse therapy. Six months later, the patient again exhibited global aphasia. Brain MRI showed tumefactive white matter lesion in the left temporo-parietal lobes.
Autoimmune epilepsy without obvious causative lesion on MRI can be seen in the course of anti-MOG antibody associated demyelinating disease. The subsequent emergence of tumefactive lesion closely located to the epileptic foci may suggest some association between autoimmune epilepsy and demyelinating lesions.