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Requirement for sphingosine kinase 1 in mediating phase 1 of the hypotensive response to anandamide in the anaesthetised mouse.
Eur J Pharmacol 2019; 842:1-9EJ

Abstract

In the isolated rat carotid artery, the endocannabinoid anandamide induces endothelium-dependent relaxation via activation of the enzyme sphingosine kinase (SK). This generates sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) which can be released from the cell and activates S1P receptors on the endothelium. In anaesthetised mice, anandamide has a well-characterised triphasic effect on blood pressure but the contribution of SK and S1P receptors in mediating changes in blood pressure has never been studied. Therefore, we assessed this in the current study. The peak hypotensive response to 1 and 10 mg/kg anandamide was measured in control C57BL/6 mice and in mice pretreated with selective inhibitors of SK1 (BML-258, also known as SK1-I) or SK2 ((R)-FTY720 methylether (ROMe), a dual SK1/2 inhibitor (SKi) or an S1P1 receptor antagonist (W146). Vasodilator responses to S1P were also studied in isolated mouse aortic rings. The hypotensive response to anandamide was significantly attenuated by BML-258 but not by ROMe. Antagonising S1P1 receptors with W146 completely blocked the fall in systolic but not diastolic blood pressure in response to anandamide. S1P induced vasodilation in denuded aortic rings was blocked by W146 but caused no vasodilation in endothelium-intact rings. This study provides evidence that the SK1/S1P regulatory-axis is necessary for the rapid hypotension induced by anandamide. Generation of S1P in response to anandamide likely activates S1P1 to reduce total peripheral resistance and lower mean arterial pressure. These findings have important implications in our understanding of the hypotensive and cardiovascular actions of cannabinoids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.Cell Biology Group, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Science, 161 Cathedral Street, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0RE, UK.Cell Biology Group, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Science, 161 Cathedral Street, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0RE, UK.Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK. Electronic address: simon.kennedy@glasgow.ac.uk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30359564

Citation

Greig, Fiona H., et al. "Requirement for Sphingosine Kinase 1 in Mediating Phase 1 of the Hypotensive Response to Anandamide in the Anaesthetised Mouse." European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 842, 2019, pp. 1-9.
Greig FH, Nather K, Ballantyne MD, et al. Requirement for sphingosine kinase 1 in mediating phase 1 of the hypotensive response to anandamide in the anaesthetised mouse. Eur J Pharmacol. 2019;842:1-9.
Greig, F. H., Nather, K., Ballantyne, M. D., Kazi, Z. H., Alganga, H., Ewart, M. A., ... Kennedy, S. (2019). Requirement for sphingosine kinase 1 in mediating phase 1 of the hypotensive response to anandamide in the anaesthetised mouse. European Journal of Pharmacology, 842, pp. 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2018.10.027.
Greig FH, et al. Requirement for Sphingosine Kinase 1 in Mediating Phase 1 of the Hypotensive Response to Anandamide in the Anaesthetised Mouse. Eur J Pharmacol. 2019 Jan 5;842:1-9. PubMed PMID: 30359564.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Requirement for sphingosine kinase 1 in mediating phase 1 of the hypotensive response to anandamide in the anaesthetised mouse. AU - Greig,Fiona H, AU - Nather,Katrin, AU - Ballantyne,Margaret D, AU - Kazi,Zeshan H, AU - Alganga,Husam, AU - Ewart,Marie-Ann, AU - Zaborska,Karolina E, AU - Fertig,Bracy, AU - Pyne,Nigel J, AU - Pyne,Susan, AU - Kennedy,Simon, Y1 - 2018/10/23/ PY - 2018/09/07/received PY - 2018/10/02/revised PY - 2018/10/19/accepted PY - 2018/10/26/pubmed PY - 2019/2/26/medline PY - 2018/10/26/entrez KW - Anandamide KW - Hypotension KW - Mouse KW - Sphingosine kinase KW - Sphingosine-1-phosphate SP - 1 EP - 9 JF - European journal of pharmacology JO - Eur. J. Pharmacol. VL - 842 N2 - In the isolated rat carotid artery, the endocannabinoid anandamide induces endothelium-dependent relaxation via activation of the enzyme sphingosine kinase (SK). This generates sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) which can be released from the cell and activates S1P receptors on the endothelium. In anaesthetised mice, anandamide has a well-characterised triphasic effect on blood pressure but the contribution of SK and S1P receptors in mediating changes in blood pressure has never been studied. Therefore, we assessed this in the current study. The peak hypotensive response to 1 and 10 mg/kg anandamide was measured in control C57BL/6 mice and in mice pretreated with selective inhibitors of SK1 (BML-258, also known as SK1-I) or SK2 ((R)-FTY720 methylether (ROMe), a dual SK1/2 inhibitor (SKi) or an S1P1 receptor antagonist (W146). Vasodilator responses to S1P were also studied in isolated mouse aortic rings. The hypotensive response to anandamide was significantly attenuated by BML-258 but not by ROMe. Antagonising S1P1 receptors with W146 completely blocked the fall in systolic but not diastolic blood pressure in response to anandamide. S1P induced vasodilation in denuded aortic rings was blocked by W146 but caused no vasodilation in endothelium-intact rings. This study provides evidence that the SK1/S1P regulatory-axis is necessary for the rapid hypotension induced by anandamide. Generation of S1P in response to anandamide likely activates S1P1 to reduce total peripheral resistance and lower mean arterial pressure. These findings have important implications in our understanding of the hypotensive and cardiovascular actions of cannabinoids. SN - 1879-0712 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30359564/Requirement_for_sphingosine_kinase_1_in_mediating_phase_1_of_the_hypotensive_response_to_anandamide_in_the_anaesthetised_mouse_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0014-2999(18)30612-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -