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Low root/shoot (R/S) biomass ratio can be an indicator of low cadmium accumulation in the shoot of Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. chinensis var. utilis Tsen et Lee) cultivars.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Dec; 25(36):36328-36340.ES

Abstract

Chinese flowering cabbage is a commonly consumed vegetable that accumulates Cd easily from Cd-contaminated soils. Cultivations of low-Cd cultivars are promising strategies for food safety, but low-Cd-accumulating mechanisms are not fully elucidated. To address this issue, 37 cultivars were screened to identify high- and low-Cd cultivars upon exposure to sewage-irrigated garden soil pretreated with different Cd concentrations (1.81, 2.90, and 3.70 mg kg[-1]dry soil). The results showed that shoot Cd concentrations differed among the cultivars by maximum degrees of 2.67-, 3.71-, and 3.00-fold under control and treatments, respectively. Soil-pot trial and hydroponic trial found no significant difference in Cd and Ca mobilization, uptake, and transport ability by root per weight between high- and low-Cd cultivars. Interestingly, a stable R/S ratio difference among cultivars (p < 0.01) was observed, and the cultivar variation of Cd accumulation in shoots was mainly dependent on their R/S ratios. R/S ratio was also statistically positively associated with Cd and Ca accumulation in high- and low-Cd cultivars (p < 0.05), both in soil and hydroponics culture. This was mainly due to the lower root biomass of low-Cd cultivars resulted in lower total release of root exudates, lower total Cd and Ca mobilization in rhizosphere soil, and lower total Cd and Ca uptake and transport. The higher shoot biomass of low-Cd cultivars also has dilution effects on Cd concentration in shoot. Overall, low R/S ratio may be regarded as a direct and efficient indicator of low Cd accumulation in the shoot of Chinese flowering cabbage. These findings provided the possibilities to screening low-Cd cultivars using their R/S ratio.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China. Department of Ecology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China. liqusheng@21cn.com.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.School of Environment, Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30368704

Citation

Xu, Zhi-Min, et al. "Low Root/shoot (R/S) Biomass Ratio Can Be an Indicator of Low Cadmium Accumulation in the Shoot of Chinese Flowering Cabbage (Brassica Campestris L. Ssp. Chinensis Var. Utilis Tsen Et Lee) Cultivars." Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, vol. 25, no. 36, 2018, pp. 36328-36340.
Xu ZM, Mei XQ, Tan L, et al. Low root/shoot (R/S) biomass ratio can be an indicator of low cadmium accumulation in the shoot of Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. chinensis var. utilis Tsen et Lee) cultivars. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25(36):36328-36340.
Xu, Z. M., Mei, X. Q., Tan, L., Li, Q. S., Wang, L. L., He, B. Y., Guo, S. H., Zhou, C., & Ye, H. J. (2018). Low root/shoot (R/S) biomass ratio can be an indicator of low cadmium accumulation in the shoot of Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. chinensis var. utilis Tsen et Lee) cultivars. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 25(36), 36328-36340. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3566-x
Xu ZM, et al. Low Root/shoot (R/S) Biomass Ratio Can Be an Indicator of Low Cadmium Accumulation in the Shoot of Chinese Flowering Cabbage (Brassica Campestris L. Ssp. Chinensis Var. Utilis Tsen Et Lee) Cultivars. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25(36):36328-36340. PubMed PMID: 30368704.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low root/shoot (R/S) biomass ratio can be an indicator of low cadmium accumulation in the shoot of Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. chinensis var. utilis Tsen et Lee) cultivars. AU - Xu,Zhi-Min, AU - Mei,Xiu-Qin, AU - Tan,Ling, AU - Li,Qu-Sheng, AU - Wang,Li-Li, AU - He,Bao-Yan, AU - Guo,Shi-Hong, AU - Zhou,Chu, AU - Ye,Han-Jie, Y1 - 2018/10/27/ PY - 2017/08/03/received PY - 2018/10/22/accepted PY - 2018/10/29/pubmed PY - 2019/2/26/medline PY - 2018/10/29/entrez KW - Ca channel KW - Cd mobilization KW - Cd uptake and translocation KW - Low-Cd cultivars KW - R/S biomass ratio SP - 36328 EP - 36340 JF - Environmental science and pollution research international JO - Environ Sci Pollut Res Int VL - 25 IS - 36 N2 - Chinese flowering cabbage is a commonly consumed vegetable that accumulates Cd easily from Cd-contaminated soils. Cultivations of low-Cd cultivars are promising strategies for food safety, but low-Cd-accumulating mechanisms are not fully elucidated. To address this issue, 37 cultivars were screened to identify high- and low-Cd cultivars upon exposure to sewage-irrigated garden soil pretreated with different Cd concentrations (1.81, 2.90, and 3.70 mg kg[-1]dry soil). The results showed that shoot Cd concentrations differed among the cultivars by maximum degrees of 2.67-, 3.71-, and 3.00-fold under control and treatments, respectively. Soil-pot trial and hydroponic trial found no significant difference in Cd and Ca mobilization, uptake, and transport ability by root per weight between high- and low-Cd cultivars. Interestingly, a stable R/S ratio difference among cultivars (p < 0.01) was observed, and the cultivar variation of Cd accumulation in shoots was mainly dependent on their R/S ratios. R/S ratio was also statistically positively associated with Cd and Ca accumulation in high- and low-Cd cultivars (p < 0.05), both in soil and hydroponics culture. This was mainly due to the lower root biomass of low-Cd cultivars resulted in lower total release of root exudates, lower total Cd and Ca mobilization in rhizosphere soil, and lower total Cd and Ca uptake and transport. The higher shoot biomass of low-Cd cultivars also has dilution effects on Cd concentration in shoot. Overall, low R/S ratio may be regarded as a direct and efficient indicator of low Cd accumulation in the shoot of Chinese flowering cabbage. These findings provided the possibilities to screening low-Cd cultivars using their R/S ratio. SN - 1614-7499 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30368704/Low_root/shoot__R/S__biomass_ratio_can_be_an_indicator_of_low_cadmium_accumulation_in_the_shoot_of_Chinese_flowering_cabbage__Brassica_campestris_L__ssp__chinensis_var__utilis_Tsen_et_Lee__cultivars_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -