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[Effects of minimally invasive tangential excision in treating deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs in pediatric patients in the early stage post burn].
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2018; 34(10):714-718ZS

Abstract

Objective:

To observe the effects of minimally invasive tangential excision in treating deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs in pediatric patients in the early stage post burn.

Methods:

Clinical data of 40 children with deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs, admitted to our burn ward from January 2016 to June 2017, conforming to the study criteria, were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into conventional treatment group (CT, n=19) and minimally invasive tangential excision group (MITE, n=21) according to the different treatments. The patients in group CT were treated with eschar-reserving therapy firstly. When tangential excision was performed, the roller knife was used, and no necrotic tissue left on the wound bed was considered the proper depth of excision. Razor-thickness skin grafting was performed to cover the wound when adipose tissue exposed markedly after tangential excision. Dressing change was performed within 48 h after the operation and repeated every 2 days. Unhealed wounds were covered by razor-thickness skin grafting. The patients in group MITE were treated with tangential excision in the early stage post burn. The tangential excision was operated with electric dermatome, and the thickness was set at 0.1 mm to excise the surface of eschar until the sporadic punctate hemorrhage on wound surface was observed and some necrotic tissue was left on the wound bed. Porcine acellular dermal matrix was applied after tangential excision. The first dressing change was often performed about 1 week after the operation. Razor-thickness skin grafting was performed to cover the unhealed wounds. The length of wound healing, high fever, antibiotic usage, and hospital stay, times of later operation, and hospitalization expenses of patients in the 2 groups were recorded. The excisional eschar and wound bed tissue of patients in group MITE were harvested for pathological observation. Data were processed with t test and Fisher's exact probability test.

Results:

(1) There were no statistically significant differences in length of high fever and length of hospital stay and hospitalization expenses between patients in the 2 groups (t=-1.67, -1.93, 0.31, P>0.05). The lengths of wound healing [(24.8±2.5) d] and antibiotic usage [(4.4±0.7) d] of patients in group MITE were significantly shorter than those in group CT [(33.3±2.5) and (7.0±0.7) d, t=-2.44, -2.44, P<0.05], and times of later operation of patients in group MITE [(0.29±0.14) times] were significantly less than those in group CT [(0.79±0.21) times, t=-2.03, P<0.05]. (2) The thickness of the excisional eschar of patients in group MITE was about 150 μm. The eschar has epidermis and upper dermis. Some necrotic tissue was left on the wound bed.

Conclusions:

The treatment for pediatric deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs with minimally invasive tangential excision using electric dermatome in the early stage post burn can accelerate wound healing, shorten length of antibiotic usage, and reduce times of later operations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Burn Institute, the First Affiliated Hospital of PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100048, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

30369140

Citation

Li, F, et al. "[Effects of Minimally Invasive Tangential Excision in Treating Deep Partial-thickness Burn Wounds On Trunk and Limbs in Pediatric Patients in the Early Stage Post Burn]." Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi = Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Burns, vol. 34, no. 10, 2018, pp. 714-718.
Li F, Chi YF, Hu Q, et al. [Effects of minimally invasive tangential excision in treating deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs in pediatric patients in the early stage post burn]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2018;34(10):714-718.
Li, F., Chi, Y. F., Hu, Q., Yin, K. N., Liu, W., Chen, Q., ... Sun, Y. J. (2018). [Effects of minimally invasive tangential excision in treating deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs in pediatric patients in the early stage post burn]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi = Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Burns, 34(10), pp. 714-718. doi:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-2587.2018.10.012.
Li F, et al. [Effects of Minimally Invasive Tangential Excision in Treating Deep Partial-thickness Burn Wounds On Trunk and Limbs in Pediatric Patients in the Early Stage Post Burn]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2018 Oct 20;34(10):714-718. PubMed PMID: 30369140.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Effects of minimally invasive tangential excision in treating deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs in pediatric patients in the early stage post burn]. AU - Li,F, AU - Chi,Y F, AU - Hu,Q, AU - Yin,K N, AU - Liu,W, AU - Chen,Q, AU - Zhang,Q X, AU - Chen,X, AU - Cao,F C, AU - Liang,Z L, AU - Sun,Y J, PY - 2018/10/30/entrez PY - 2018/10/30/pubmed PY - 2019/4/9/medline KW - Burns KW - Child KW - Deep partial-thickness burn wounds KW - Tangential excision KW - Wound healing SP - 714 EP - 718 JF - Zhonghua shao shang za zhi = Zhonghua shaoshang zazhi = Chinese journal of burns JO - Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi VL - 34 IS - 10 N2 - Objective: To observe the effects of minimally invasive tangential excision in treating deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs in pediatric patients in the early stage post burn. Methods: Clinical data of 40 children with deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs, admitted to our burn ward from January 2016 to June 2017, conforming to the study criteria, were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into conventional treatment group (CT, n=19) and minimally invasive tangential excision group (MITE, n=21) according to the different treatments. The patients in group CT were treated with eschar-reserving therapy firstly. When tangential excision was performed, the roller knife was used, and no necrotic tissue left on the wound bed was considered the proper depth of excision. Razor-thickness skin grafting was performed to cover the wound when adipose tissue exposed markedly after tangential excision. Dressing change was performed within 48 h after the operation and repeated every 2 days. Unhealed wounds were covered by razor-thickness skin grafting. The patients in group MITE were treated with tangential excision in the early stage post burn. The tangential excision was operated with electric dermatome, and the thickness was set at 0.1 mm to excise the surface of eschar until the sporadic punctate hemorrhage on wound surface was observed and some necrotic tissue was left on the wound bed. Porcine acellular dermal matrix was applied after tangential excision. The first dressing change was often performed about 1 week after the operation. Razor-thickness skin grafting was performed to cover the unhealed wounds. The length of wound healing, high fever, antibiotic usage, and hospital stay, times of later operation, and hospitalization expenses of patients in the 2 groups were recorded. The excisional eschar and wound bed tissue of patients in group MITE were harvested for pathological observation. Data were processed with t test and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: (1) There were no statistically significant differences in length of high fever and length of hospital stay and hospitalization expenses between patients in the 2 groups (t=-1.67, -1.93, 0.31, P>0.05). The lengths of wound healing [(24.8±2.5) d] and antibiotic usage [(4.4±0.7) d] of patients in group MITE were significantly shorter than those in group CT [(33.3±2.5) and (7.0±0.7) d, t=-2.44, -2.44, P<0.05], and times of later operation of patients in group MITE [(0.29±0.14) times] were significantly less than those in group CT [(0.79±0.21) times, t=-2.03, P<0.05]. (2) The thickness of the excisional eschar of patients in group MITE was about 150 μm. The eschar has epidermis and upper dermis. Some necrotic tissue was left on the wound bed. Conclusions: The treatment for pediatric deep partial-thickness burn wounds on trunk and limbs with minimally invasive tangential excision using electric dermatome in the early stage post burn can accelerate wound healing, shorten length of antibiotic usage, and reduce times of later operations. SN - 1009-2587 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30369140/[Effects_of_minimally_invasive_tangential_excision_in_treating_deep_partial_thickness_burn_wounds_on_trunk_and_limbs_in_pediatric_patients_in_the_early_stage_post_burn]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=1009-2587&amp;year=2018&amp;vol=34&amp;issue=10&amp;fpage=714 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -