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Leptospira spp. in Rodents and Shrews from Afghanistan.
J Wildl Dis. 2019 04; 55(2):477-481.JW

Abstract

Leptospirosis is an occupational risk for military personnel and many cases have been reported worldwide. Rodents are the most important maintenance hosts for Leptospira spp. and may infect both animals and humans. To determine the occurrence and identity of pathogenic Leptospira spp. in rodent and shrew populations in German military camps in Afghanistan, we examined 751 animals (Mus musculus, Cricetulus migratorius, Meriones libycus, Rattus tanezumi, Crocidura cf. suaveolens, and Suncus etruscus) from four military camps in Northern Afghanistan from 2009-12. Leptospiral DNA was found in 1.1% of the animals and only in Mus musculus. Partial secY sequencing identified Leptospira borgpetersenii and Leptospira kirschneri as infecting genomospecies. Multilocus sequence typing was successful in the L. borgpetersenii samples, which were identified as sequence type 155. The low prevalence we observed suggested that the exposure risk of military personnel to infectious Leptospira spp. in the region is low.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Department for Biological Safety, Max-Dohrn-Str. 8-10, 10589 Berlin, Germany.2 Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Department of Experimental Animal Facilities and Biorisk Management, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.3 Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.1 German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Department for Biological Safety, Max-Dohrn-Str. 8-10, 10589 Berlin, Germany.1 German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Department for Biological Safety, Max-Dohrn-Str. 8-10, 10589 Berlin, Germany.1 German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Department for Biological Safety, Max-Dohrn-Str. 8-10, 10589 Berlin, Germany.3 Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30376394

Citation

Mayer-Scholl, Anne, et al. "Leptospira Spp. in Rodents and Shrews From Afghanistan." Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 55, no. 2, 2019, pp. 477-481.
Mayer-Scholl A, Teifke JP, Huber N, et al. Leptospira spp. in Rodents and Shrews from Afghanistan. J Wildl Dis. 2019;55(2):477-481.
Mayer-Scholl, A., Teifke, J. P., Huber, N., Luge, E., Bier, N. S., Nöckler, K., & Ulrich, R. G. (2019). Leptospira spp. in Rodents and Shrews from Afghanistan. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 55(2), 477-481. https://doi.org/10.7589/2018-05-122
Mayer-Scholl A, et al. Leptospira Spp. in Rodents and Shrews From Afghanistan. J Wildl Dis. 2019;55(2):477-481. PubMed PMID: 30376394.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Leptospira spp. in Rodents and Shrews from Afghanistan. AU - Mayer-Scholl,Anne, AU - Teifke,Jens P, AU - Huber,Niclas, AU - Luge,Enno, AU - Bier,Nadja S, AU - Nöckler,Karsten, AU - Ulrich,Rainer G, Y1 - 2018/10/30/ PY - 2018/10/31/pubmed PY - 2020/2/7/medline PY - 2018/10/31/entrez KW - Diagnostics KW - emerging diseases KW - infectious diseases KW - leptospirosis KW - microbiology KW - molecular biology KW - multilocus sequence typing KW - zoonotic diseases SP - 477 EP - 481 JF - Journal of wildlife diseases JO - J Wildl Dis VL - 55 IS - 2 N2 - Leptospirosis is an occupational risk for military personnel and many cases have been reported worldwide. Rodents are the most important maintenance hosts for Leptospira spp. and may infect both animals and humans. To determine the occurrence and identity of pathogenic Leptospira spp. in rodent and shrew populations in German military camps in Afghanistan, we examined 751 animals (Mus musculus, Cricetulus migratorius, Meriones libycus, Rattus tanezumi, Crocidura cf. suaveolens, and Suncus etruscus) from four military camps in Northern Afghanistan from 2009-12. Leptospiral DNA was found in 1.1% of the animals and only in Mus musculus. Partial secY sequencing identified Leptospira borgpetersenii and Leptospira kirschneri as infecting genomospecies. Multilocus sequence typing was successful in the L. borgpetersenii samples, which were identified as sequence type 155. The low prevalence we observed suggested that the exposure risk of military personnel to infectious Leptospira spp. in the region is low. SN - 1943-3700 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30376394/Leptospira_spp__in_Rodents_and_Shrews_from_Afghanistan_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -