Prediction of the Oral Pharmacokinetics and Food Effects of Gabapentin Enacarbil Extended-Release Tablets Using Biorelevant Dissolution Tests.Biol Pharm Bull. 2018; 41(11):1708-1715.BP
The purpose of this research was to establish an in vitro dissolution testing method to predict the oral pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and food effects of gabapentin enacarbil formulated as wax matrix extended-release (ER) tablets in humans. We adopted various biorelevant dissolution methods using the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) apparatus 2, 3 and 4 under simulated fasted and fed states. Simulated PK profiles using the convolution approach were compared to published in vivo human PK data. USP apparatus 2 and 4 underestimated the in vivo performance due to slow in vitro dissolution behaviors. In contrast, biorelevant dissolution using USP apparatus 3 coupled with the convolution approach successfully predicted the oral PK profile of gabapentin enacarbil after oral administration of a Regnite® tablet under fasted state. This approach might be useful for predicting the oral PK profiles of other drugs formulated as wax matrix-type ER tablets under fasted state.