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H2S supplementation: A novel method for successful organ preservation at subnormothermic temperatures.
Nitric Oxide. 2018 12 01; 81:57-66.NO

Abstract

Renal transplantation is the preferred treatment for end-stage renal disease. Currently, there is a large gap between the supply and demand for transplantable kidneys. The use of sub-optimal grafts obtained via donation after cardiac death (DCD) is on the rise. While static cold storage (SCS) in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution on ice (4°C) is the clinical standard of care for renal graft preservation, cold storage has been associated with negative graft outcomes. The alternative, normothermic machine perfusion, involves mechanical perfusion of the organ at physiological or normothermic temperature (37°C) and this technique is expensive, complicated and globally inaccessible. As such, simpler alternatives are of interest. Preliminary results revealed that UW solution is more protective at 21°C than 37°C and subnormothermic preservation is of interest because it may facilitate the use of existing solutions while preventing cold injury. We have previously shown that SCS in UW solution supplemented with mitochondria-targeted H2S donor AP39 improves renal graft outcomes. As such, it was hypothesized subnormothermic preservation at 21°C with AP39 will also improve renal outcomes. Using an in vitro model of hypoxia and reoxygenation, we found that treating porcine tubular epithelial cells with UW+5 μM AP39 during 18 h hypoxia at 21°C significantly increased renal tubular epithelial cell viability after 24 h of reoxygenation at 37°C compared to UW alone. Also, AP39-supplemented UW solution was significantly more cytoprotective during hypoxia at 21°C than hypoxia at 37°C, regardless of AP39 concentration. Using an ex vivo DCD organ preservation model, we found that DCD porcine kidneys stored for 24 h in UW+200 nM AP39 at 21°C showed significantly lower tissue necrosis than DCD porcine kidneys preserved using SCS in UW solution, the clinical standard of care. Overall, our findings suggest that exogenous H2S supplementation improves the viability of the gold standard organ preservation solution, UW solution, for subnormothermic preservation at 21°C.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, Dental Sciences Building, Rm 3014, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada; Matthew Mailing Centre for Translational Transplant Studies, University Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, 339 Windemere Road, London, Ontario, N6A 5A5, Canada.Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, Dental Sciences Building, Rm 3014, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada; Matthew Mailing Centre for Translational Transplant Studies, University Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, 339 Windemere Road, London, Ontario, N6A 5A5, Canada.Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, Dental Sciences Building, Rm 3014, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada; Matthew Mailing Centre for Translational Transplant Studies, University Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, 339 Windemere Road, London, Ontario, N6A 5A5, Canada.Exeter Medical School, Medical School Building G10, St. Luke's Campus, Magdalene Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, United Kingdom.Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, Dental Sciences Building, Rm 3014, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada; Department of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, St. Joseph's Health Care London, PO BOX 5777, STN B, London, Ontario, N6A 4V2, Canada; Matthew Mailing Centre for Translational Transplant Studies, University Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, 339 Windemere Road, London, Ontario, N6A 5A5, Canada. Electronic address: alp.sener@lhsc.on.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30393129

Citation

Juriasingani, Smriti, et al. "H2S Supplementation: a Novel Method for Successful Organ Preservation at Subnormothermic Temperatures." Nitric Oxide : Biology and Chemistry, vol. 81, 2018, pp. 57-66.
Juriasingani S, Akbari M, Chan JY, et al. H2S supplementation: A novel method for successful organ preservation at subnormothermic temperatures. Nitric Oxide. 2018;81:57-66.
Juriasingani, S., Akbari, M., Chan, J. Y., Whiteman, M., & Sener, A. (2018). H2S supplementation: A novel method for successful organ preservation at subnormothermic temperatures. Nitric Oxide : Biology and Chemistry, 81, 57-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.niox.2018.10.004
Juriasingani S, et al. H2S Supplementation: a Novel Method for Successful Organ Preservation at Subnormothermic Temperatures. Nitric Oxide. 2018 12 1;81:57-66. PubMed PMID: 30393129.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - H2S supplementation: A novel method for successful organ preservation at subnormothermic temperatures. AU - Juriasingani,Smriti, AU - Akbari,Masoud, AU - Chan,Justin Yh, AU - Whiteman,Matthew, AU - Sener,Alp, Y1 - 2018/10/25/ PY - 2018/09/08/received PY - 2018/10/19/revised PY - 2018/10/22/accepted PY - 2018/11/6/pubmed PY - 2019/2/23/medline PY - 2018/11/6/entrez KW - DCD KW - Hydrogen sulfide KW - Ischemia KW - Renal transplantation KW - Subnormothermic KW - UW solution SP - 57 EP - 66 JF - Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry JO - Nitric Oxide VL - 81 N2 - Renal transplantation is the preferred treatment for end-stage renal disease. Currently, there is a large gap between the supply and demand for transplantable kidneys. The use of sub-optimal grafts obtained via donation after cardiac death (DCD) is on the rise. While static cold storage (SCS) in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution on ice (4°C) is the clinical standard of care for renal graft preservation, cold storage has been associated with negative graft outcomes. The alternative, normothermic machine perfusion, involves mechanical perfusion of the organ at physiological or normothermic temperature (37°C) and this technique is expensive, complicated and globally inaccessible. As such, simpler alternatives are of interest. Preliminary results revealed that UW solution is more protective at 21°C than 37°C and subnormothermic preservation is of interest because it may facilitate the use of existing solutions while preventing cold injury. We have previously shown that SCS in UW solution supplemented with mitochondria-targeted H2S donor AP39 improves renal graft outcomes. As such, it was hypothesized subnormothermic preservation at 21°C with AP39 will also improve renal outcomes. Using an in vitro model of hypoxia and reoxygenation, we found that treating porcine tubular epithelial cells with UW+5 μM AP39 during 18 h hypoxia at 21°C significantly increased renal tubular epithelial cell viability after 24 h of reoxygenation at 37°C compared to UW alone. Also, AP39-supplemented UW solution was significantly more cytoprotective during hypoxia at 21°C than hypoxia at 37°C, regardless of AP39 concentration. Using an ex vivo DCD organ preservation model, we found that DCD porcine kidneys stored for 24 h in UW+200 nM AP39 at 21°C showed significantly lower tissue necrosis than DCD porcine kidneys preserved using SCS in UW solution, the clinical standard of care. Overall, our findings suggest that exogenous H2S supplementation improves the viability of the gold standard organ preservation solution, UW solution, for subnormothermic preservation at 21°C. SN - 1089-8611 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30393129/H2S_supplementation:_A_novel_method_for_successful_organ_preservation_at_subnormothermic_temperatures_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1089-8603(18)30249-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -