Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

High sodium intake increases blood pressure and risk of kidney disease. From the Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of salt and health outcomes (August 2016 to March 2017).
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2018 12; 20(12):1654-1665.JC

Abstract

The purpose of this review was to identify, summarize, and critically appraise studies on dietary salt and health outcomes that were published from August 2016 to March 2017. The search strategy was adapted from a previous systematic review on dietary salt and health. Studies that meet standards for methodological quality criteria and eligible health outcomes are reported in detailed critical appraisals. Overall, 47 studies were identified and are summarized in this review. Two studies assessed all-cause or disease-specific mortality outcomes, eight studies assessed morbidity reduction-related outcomes, three studies assessed outcomes related to symptoms/quality of life/functional status, 25 studies assessed blood pressure (BP) outcomes and other clinically relevant surrogate outcomes, and nine studies assessed physiologic surrogate outcomes. Eight of these studies met the criteria for outcomes and methodological quality and underwent detailed critical appraisals and commentary. Five of these studies found adverse effects of salt intake on health outcomes (BP; death due to kidney disease and initiation of dialysis; total kidney volume and composite of kidney function; composite of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events including, and risk of mortality); one study reported the benefits of salt restriction in chronic BP and two studies reported neutral results (BP and risk of CKD). Overall, these articles confirm the negative effects of excessive sodium intake on health outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA. The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada.Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada.The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan.George Institute for Global Health India, Hyderabad, India.The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.Department of Medicine, Physiology and Pharmacology, and Community Health Sciences, O'Brien Institute for Public Health and Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30402970

Citation

Malta, Daniela, et al. "High Sodium Intake Increases Blood Pressure and Risk of Kidney Disease. From the Science of Salt: a Regularly Updated Systematic Review of Salt and Health Outcomes (August 2016 to March 2017)." Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.), vol. 20, no. 12, 2018, pp. 1654-1665.
Malta D, Petersen KS, Johnson C, et al. High sodium intake increases blood pressure and risk of kidney disease. From the Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of salt and health outcomes (August 2016 to March 2017). J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2018;20(12):1654-1665.
Malta, D., Petersen, K. S., Johnson, C., Trieu, K., Rae, S., Jefferson, K., Santos, J. A., Wong, M. M. Y., Raj, T. S., Webster, J., Campbell, N. R. C., & Arcand, J. (2018). High sodium intake increases blood pressure and risk of kidney disease. From the Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of salt and health outcomes (August 2016 to March 2017). Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.), 20(12), 1654-1665. https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.13408
Malta D, et al. High Sodium Intake Increases Blood Pressure and Risk of Kidney Disease. From the Science of Salt: a Regularly Updated Systematic Review of Salt and Health Outcomes (August 2016 to March 2017). J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2018;20(12):1654-1665. PubMed PMID: 30402970.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - High sodium intake increases blood pressure and risk of kidney disease. From the Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of salt and health outcomes (August 2016 to March 2017). AU - Malta,Daniela, AU - Petersen,Kristina S, AU - Johnson,Claire, AU - Trieu,Kathy, AU - Rae,Sarah, AU - Jefferson,Katherine, AU - Santos,Joseph Alvin, AU - Wong,Michelle M Y, AU - Raj,Thout Sudhir, AU - Webster,Jacqui, AU - Campbell,Norm R C, AU - Arcand,JoAnne, Y1 - 2018/11/07/ PY - 2018/08/28/received PY - 2018/08/16/revised PY - 2018/09/13/accepted PY - 2018/11/8/pubmed PY - 2019/12/18/medline PY - 2018/11/8/entrez SP - 1654 EP - 1665 JF - Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.) JO - J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) VL - 20 IS - 12 N2 - The purpose of this review was to identify, summarize, and critically appraise studies on dietary salt and health outcomes that were published from August 2016 to March 2017. The search strategy was adapted from a previous systematic review on dietary salt and health. Studies that meet standards for methodological quality criteria and eligible health outcomes are reported in detailed critical appraisals. Overall, 47 studies were identified and are summarized in this review. Two studies assessed all-cause or disease-specific mortality outcomes, eight studies assessed morbidity reduction-related outcomes, three studies assessed outcomes related to symptoms/quality of life/functional status, 25 studies assessed blood pressure (BP) outcomes and other clinically relevant surrogate outcomes, and nine studies assessed physiologic surrogate outcomes. Eight of these studies met the criteria for outcomes and methodological quality and underwent detailed critical appraisals and commentary. Five of these studies found adverse effects of salt intake on health outcomes (BP; death due to kidney disease and initiation of dialysis; total kidney volume and composite of kidney function; composite of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events including, and risk of mortality); one study reported the benefits of salt restriction in chronic BP and two studies reported neutral results (BP and risk of CKD). Overall, these articles confirm the negative effects of excessive sodium intake on health outcomes. SN - 1751-7176 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30402970/High_sodium_intake_increases_blood_pressure_and_risk_of_kidney_disease__From_the_Science_of_Salt:_A_regularly_updated_systematic_review_of_salt_and_health_outcomes__August_2016_to_March_2017__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.13408 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -