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The effect of nutrient restriction on the proliferation and differentiation of turkey pectoralis major satellite cells differing in age and growth rate.
Poult Sci. 2019 Apr 01; 98(4):1893-1902.PS

Abstract

Myogenic satellite cells are critical for posthatch muscle growth, and their activity is sensitive to nutritional regime during the immediate posthatch period. The objective of the current study was to determine if the response of satellite cells to nutrient restriction was dependent on bird age and/or growth rate. Satellite cells were isolated from the pectoralis major (p. major) muscle of 1-d, 7-wk, and 16-wk-old turkeys selected for increased body weight at 16 wk of age (F line) and the randombred control (RBC2) line from which the F line was selected. Nutrient restriction of 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40% of the standard cell culture medium was applied during proliferation with subsequent normal differentiation medium (RN) or during differentiation with preceding normal proliferation medium (NR). Satellite cell proliferation and differentiation decreased with nutrient restriction for all treatment regimens and ages, except for 1-d cell differentiation with the RN treatment, which increased with nutrient restriction. Interestingly, after 24 h of a 5% nutrient restriction during the RN treatment, proliferation increased for 1-d and 7-wk cells. Additionally, after 24 h of 5, 10, and 20% nutrient restriction during the NR treatment, differentiation increased for 1-d and 7-wk cells. The 16-wk cells did not exhibit this response to any treatment regimen. Growth rate had little effect on satellite cell response to nutrient restriction. In this study, satellite cells differentially responded to nutrient restriction depending on age, as well as duration and timing of the nutrient restriction. These data suggest that it is necessary to optimize diets throughout a bird's life to maximize satellite cell activity and p. major muscle growth.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Ohio State University/Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster, OH 44691, USA.The Ohio State University/Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster, OH 44691, USA.The Ohio State University/Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster, OH 44691, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30407592

Citation

Velleman, Sandra G., et al. "The Effect of Nutrient Restriction On the Proliferation and Differentiation of Turkey Pectoralis Major Satellite Cells Differing in Age and Growth Rate." Poultry Science, vol. 98, no. 4, 2019, pp. 1893-1902.
Velleman SG, Clark DL, Tonniges JR. The effect of nutrient restriction on the proliferation and differentiation of turkey pectoralis major satellite cells differing in age and growth rate. Poult Sci. 2019;98(4):1893-1902.
Velleman, S. G., Clark, D. L., & Tonniges, J. R. (2019). The effect of nutrient restriction on the proliferation and differentiation of turkey pectoralis major satellite cells differing in age and growth rate. Poultry Science, 98(4), 1893-1902. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pey509
Velleman SG, Clark DL, Tonniges JR. The Effect of Nutrient Restriction On the Proliferation and Differentiation of Turkey Pectoralis Major Satellite Cells Differing in Age and Growth Rate. Poult Sci. 2019 Apr 1;98(4):1893-1902. PubMed PMID: 30407592.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of nutrient restriction on the proliferation and differentiation of turkey pectoralis major satellite cells differing in age and growth rate. AU - Velleman,Sandra G, AU - Clark,Daniel L, AU - Tonniges,Jeffrey R, PY - 2018/08/07/received PY - 2018/10/24/accepted PY - 2018/11/9/pubmed PY - 2019/4/4/medline PY - 2018/11/9/entrez KW - growth rate KW - nutrition KW - satellite cell KW - skeletal muscle KW - turkey SP - 1893 EP - 1902 JF - Poultry science JO - Poult Sci VL - 98 IS - 4 N2 - Myogenic satellite cells are critical for posthatch muscle growth, and their activity is sensitive to nutritional regime during the immediate posthatch period. The objective of the current study was to determine if the response of satellite cells to nutrient restriction was dependent on bird age and/or growth rate. Satellite cells were isolated from the pectoralis major (p. major) muscle of 1-d, 7-wk, and 16-wk-old turkeys selected for increased body weight at 16 wk of age (F line) and the randombred control (RBC2) line from which the F line was selected. Nutrient restriction of 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40% of the standard cell culture medium was applied during proliferation with subsequent normal differentiation medium (RN) or during differentiation with preceding normal proliferation medium (NR). Satellite cell proliferation and differentiation decreased with nutrient restriction for all treatment regimens and ages, except for 1-d cell differentiation with the RN treatment, which increased with nutrient restriction. Interestingly, after 24 h of a 5% nutrient restriction during the RN treatment, proliferation increased for 1-d and 7-wk cells. Additionally, after 24 h of 5, 10, and 20% nutrient restriction during the NR treatment, differentiation increased for 1-d and 7-wk cells. The 16-wk cells did not exhibit this response to any treatment regimen. Growth rate had little effect on satellite cell response to nutrient restriction. In this study, satellite cells differentially responded to nutrient restriction depending on age, as well as duration and timing of the nutrient restriction. These data suggest that it is necessary to optimize diets throughout a bird's life to maximize satellite cell activity and p. major muscle growth. SN - 1525-3171 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30407592/The_effect_of_nutrient_restriction_on_the_proliferation_and_differentiation_of_turkey_pectoralis_major_satellite_cells_differing_in_age_and_growth_rate_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0032-5791(19)30118-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -