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Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Risk for Dementia and Cognitive Decline.
Curr Nutr Rep. 2018 12; 7(4):335-345.CN

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

Diet, physical activity, and sleep are three major modifiable lifestyle factors. This selective review examines the evidence for strong and reliable associations between these three lifestyle factors and risk of dementia and cognitive decline, in an effort to assist clinicians with providing more informed answers to the common questions they face from patients.

RECENT FINDINGS

Certain aspects of nutrition can decrease risk for dementia. Physical activity has also been associated with delayed or slower age-related cognitive decline. In addition, emerging evidence links sleep dysfunction and dementia, with amyloid deposition being a possible mediator. Data from further clinical trials are needed before more definitive conclusions can be drawn regarding the efficacy of these lifestyle interventions for lowering the risk of incident dementia and cognitive decline. Nevertheless, it is reasonable to make recommendations to our patients to adopt certain dietary changes and to engage in regular physical activity to improve cardiovascular risk factors for dementia. It is also reasonable to include questions on sleep during cognitive evaluations of the elderly, given the common co-occurrence of sleep dysfunction and cognitive impairment in the elderly population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. cz2457@cumc.columbia.edu. Taub Institute for Research of Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. cz2457@cumc.columbia.edu.Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. Taub Institute for Research of Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. Taub Institute for Research of Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.Taub Institute for Research of Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Department of Epidemiology, Joseph P. Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. Taub Institute for Research of Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. 1st Department of Neurology, Aiginition Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30413973

Citation

Zhao, Chen, et al. "Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Risk for Dementia and Cognitive Decline." Current Nutrition Reports, vol. 7, no. 4, 2018, pp. 335-345.
Zhao C, Noble JM, Marder K, et al. Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Risk for Dementia and Cognitive Decline. Curr Nutr Rep. 2018;7(4):335-345.
Zhao, C., Noble, J. M., Marder, K., Hartman, J. S., Gu, Y., & Scarmeas, N. (2018). Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Risk for Dementia and Cognitive Decline. Current Nutrition Reports, 7(4), 335-345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13668-018-0247-9
Zhao C, et al. Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Risk for Dementia and Cognitive Decline. Curr Nutr Rep. 2018;7(4):335-345. PubMed PMID: 30413973.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Risk for Dementia and Cognitive Decline. AU - Zhao,Chen, AU - Noble,James M, AU - Marder,Karen, AU - Hartman,Jacob S, AU - Gu,Yian, AU - Scarmeas,Nikolaos, PY - 2018/11/11/pubmed PY - 2019/8/7/medline PY - 2018/11/11/entrez KW - Diet and cognition KW - Diet and dementia KW - Exercise and cognition KW - Exercise and dementia KW - Lifestyle and cognition KW - Lifestyle and dementia KW - Modifiable factors dementia KW - Nutrition and cognition KW - Nutrition and dementia KW - Physical activity and cognition KW - Physical activity and dementia KW - Prevent dementia KW - Primary prevention dementia KW - Risk factors dementia KW - Sleep and cognition KW - Sleep and dementia SP - 335 EP - 345 JF - Current nutrition reports JO - Curr Nutr Rep VL - 7 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diet, physical activity, and sleep are three major modifiable lifestyle factors. This selective review examines the evidence for strong and reliable associations between these three lifestyle factors and risk of dementia and cognitive decline, in an effort to assist clinicians with providing more informed answers to the common questions they face from patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Certain aspects of nutrition can decrease risk for dementia. Physical activity has also been associated with delayed or slower age-related cognitive decline. In addition, emerging evidence links sleep dysfunction and dementia, with amyloid deposition being a possible mediator. Data from further clinical trials are needed before more definitive conclusions can be drawn regarding the efficacy of these lifestyle interventions for lowering the risk of incident dementia and cognitive decline. Nevertheless, it is reasonable to make recommendations to our patients to adopt certain dietary changes and to engage in regular physical activity to improve cardiovascular risk factors for dementia. It is also reasonable to include questions on sleep during cognitive evaluations of the elderly, given the common co-occurrence of sleep dysfunction and cognitive impairment in the elderly population. SN - 2161-3311 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30413973/Dietary_Patterns_Physical_Activity_Sleep_and_Risk_for_Dementia_and_Cognitive_Decline_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/30413973/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -