[Application of ipsilateral digital proper artery dorsal branch flap to repair mid-phalanx degloving injury with distal segment finger defect].Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2018 11 15; 32(11):1446-1449.ZX
To investigate the effectiveness of ipsilateral digital proper artery dorsal branch flap to repair mid-phalanx degloving injury with distal segment finger defect.
Between February 2013 and July 2016, 11 cases (11 fingers) of mid-phalanx degloving injury with distal segment finger defect were treated. There were 9 males and 2 females with an average age of 33.6 years (range, 18-59 years). The injury caused by twisting in 8 cases and crushing in 3 cases. The injury located at index finger in 3 cases, middle finger in 6 cases, and ring finger in 2 cases. The skin avulsion was from proximal interphalangeal joint in 1 case, proximal 1/4 of mid-phalanx in 6 cases, and 1/2 of mid-phalanx in 4 cases. The area of wounds ranged from 4.0 cm×1.7 cm to 6.2 cm×2.6 cm. The interval between injury and operation was 2.5-6.0 hours (mean, 4.5 hours). All defects were repaired with the ipsilateral digital proper artery dorsal branch flaps. The size of flaps ranged from 4.4 cm×1.9 cm to 7.0 cm×2.9 cm. Nerve anastomose was carried between digital proper nerve dorsal branch in the flap and digital proper nerve stump in the wound. The donor sites were repaired by skin grafting.
Tension blisters of the flap and partial necrosis occurred in 1 case, and healed after dressing change. The other flaps and skin grafting survived, and wounds healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6-18 months (mean, 16 months). The texture and appearance of all the flaps were satisfactory. At 6 months after operation, two-point discrimination of flaps ranged from 7 to 10 mm (mean, 8.5 mm). At last follow-up, according to the functional assessment criteria of upper limbs by the Branch of Hand Surgery of Chinese Medicine Association, the results were excellent in 10 cases and good in 1 case, with the excellent and good rate of 100%.
The ipsilateral digital proper artery dorsal branch flap is a good method to repair mid-phalanx degloving injury with distal segment finger defect for the advantages of simple operation, less damage in donor site, high survival rate of the flap, and good feeling recovery of the finger.