Comparison of Low Glycaemic Index and High Glycaemic Index Potatoes in Relation to Satiety: A Single-Blinded, Randomised Crossover Study in Humans.Nutrients 2018; 10(11)N
High glycaemic index (GI) foods have been proposed to reduce satiety and thus promote overweight and obesity. Generally, potatoes have a high GI, but they also provide many beneficial nutrients and they are a highly important food source globally. In this study, we investigated how a low GI potato affected subjective satiety as compared to a high GI potato. Twenty healthy men (aged 18⁻40 years; body mass index (BMI) 18⁻27 kg/m²) participated in this single-blinded, controlled, randomised crossover trial. On each of the two trial days, the subjects were given a 500-gram portion of either a low or high GI potato variety (Carisma® low GI and Arizona high GI). Subjective appetite sensations were measured at baseline and at +15 min, +45 min, +75 min, +105 min, and +135 min after consumption of the test meal until an ad libitum meal was served at +150 min. No significant differences in the primary endpoint, satiety, were found between the two potato varieties (all p > 0.05). Furthermore, no significant differences were found in the secondary endpoints; hunger, fullness, and prospective food consumption, or ad libitum energy intake (all p > 0.05). In conclusion, the results of this study do not indicate that the GI of potatoes is important for satiety in normal-weight men.