Characterization and properties of biodegradable thermoplastic grafted starch films by different contents of methacrylic acid.Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Feb 15; 123:657-663.IJ
Due to poor mechanical and thermal properties of native starch (NS) film; in the present work; NS was modified by graft copolymerization. Thermoplastic starch (TPS) grafted by methacrylic acid (MAA) with different percentage of grafting, i.e., 0%, 18.3%, 36.3%, 52.1% and 89.7% were prepared and tested. The result demonstrated that the intensity of IR peak of acrylic group increased with the increasing percentage of grafting. The higher graft copolymerization with MAA also significantly reduced degree of crystallinity. The strain at maximum load of TPS film grafted by MAA increased with the increasing percentage of grafting. However, water uptake of TPS film grafted by MAA reduced with high percentage of grafting (52.1% and 89.7%). In addition, different TPS films grafted by MAA were also examined for morphology, water vapor permeability, thermal property and biodegradable property by soil buried test.