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Rootstock effects on grape anthocyanins, skin and seed proanthocyanidins and wine color and phenolic compounds from Vitis vinifera L. Merlot grapevines.
J Sci Food Agric. 2019 Apr; 99(6):2846-2854.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Rootstocks affect vegetative and reproductive parameters of the scion. However, limited knowledge exists on the effects of the adoption of a specific rootstock on grape and wine phenolic composition, which contribute to certain sensory attributes such as color, body and astringency of wine. These compounds are mainly affected by the variety, viticultural management and rootstock. The aim of this work was to study the influence of eight rootstocks on grape anthocyanin content, skin and seed proanthocyanidins and wine chromatic characteristics obtained from Merlot vines.

RESULTS

Grapevines grafted onto SO4 rootstock, in general, presented a higher concentration of total proanthocyanidins in skins and seeds compared to the rest of the rootstocks, whereas grapevines grafted onto Gravesac presented a lower concentration of proanthocyanidins in skins and seeds. These differences were found in the wines developed from grapevines grafted onto SO4. Wines from grapevines grafted onto SO4, 140 Ruggeri, Gravesac and 4453 M rootstocks presented, in general, better chromatic characteristics and a higher anthocyanin and tannin content than the rest of the samples.

CONCLUSION

This work gives additional information concerning the influence of rootstock on grape and wine phenolic composition. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro Tecnológico de la Vid y el Vino, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile.Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia, Spain.Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia, Spain.Grupo VIENAP, Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino, (CSIC, Gobierno de La Rioja Universidad de La Rioja), Logroño, Spain.Centro Tecnológico de la Vid y el Vino, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile.Química analítica, Grupo UVaMOX, E.T.S. Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Valladolid, Palencia, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30447086

Citation

Gutiérrez-Gamboa, Gastón, et al. "Rootstock Effects On Grape Anthocyanins, Skin and Seed Proanthocyanidins and Wine Color and Phenolic Compounds From Vitis Vinifera L. Merlot Grapevines." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 99, no. 6, 2019, pp. 2846-2854.
Gutiérrez-Gamboa G, Gómez-Plaza E, Bautista-Ortín AB, et al. Rootstock effects on grape anthocyanins, skin and seed proanthocyanidins and wine color and phenolic compounds from Vitis vinifera L. Merlot grapevines. J Sci Food Agric. 2019;99(6):2846-2854.
Gutiérrez-Gamboa, G., Gómez-Plaza, E., Bautista-Ortín, A. B., Garde-Cerdán, T., Moreno-Simunovic, Y., & Martínez-Gil, A. M. (2019). Rootstock effects on grape anthocyanins, skin and seed proanthocyanidins and wine color and phenolic compounds from Vitis vinifera L. Merlot grapevines. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 99(6), 2846-2854. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9496
Gutiérrez-Gamboa G, et al. Rootstock Effects On Grape Anthocyanins, Skin and Seed Proanthocyanidins and Wine Color and Phenolic Compounds From Vitis Vinifera L. Merlot Grapevines. J Sci Food Agric. 2019;99(6):2846-2854. PubMed PMID: 30447086.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Rootstock effects on grape anthocyanins, skin and seed proanthocyanidins and wine color and phenolic compounds from Vitis vinifera L. Merlot grapevines. AU - Gutiérrez-Gamboa,Gastón, AU - Gómez-Plaza,Encarna, AU - Bautista-Ortín,Ana B, AU - Garde-Cerdán,Teresa, AU - Moreno-Simunovic,Yerko, AU - Martínez-Gil,Ana M, Y1 - 2019/01/07/ PY - 2018/07/16/received PY - 2018/10/15/revised PY - 2018/11/13/accepted PY - 2018/11/18/pubmed PY - 2019/4/4/medline PY - 2018/11/18/entrez KW - Merlot KW - berry shrinkage KW - galloylation KW - rootstock KW - seed KW - skin KW - tannins SP - 2846 EP - 2854 JF - Journal of the science of food and agriculture JO - J. Sci. Food Agric. VL - 99 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Rootstocks affect vegetative and reproductive parameters of the scion. However, limited knowledge exists on the effects of the adoption of a specific rootstock on grape and wine phenolic composition, which contribute to certain sensory attributes such as color, body and astringency of wine. These compounds are mainly affected by the variety, viticultural management and rootstock. The aim of this work was to study the influence of eight rootstocks on grape anthocyanin content, skin and seed proanthocyanidins and wine chromatic characteristics obtained from Merlot vines. RESULTS: Grapevines grafted onto SO4 rootstock, in general, presented a higher concentration of total proanthocyanidins in skins and seeds compared to the rest of the rootstocks, whereas grapevines grafted onto Gravesac presented a lower concentration of proanthocyanidins in skins and seeds. These differences were found in the wines developed from grapevines grafted onto SO4. Wines from grapevines grafted onto SO4, 140 Ruggeri, Gravesac and 4453 M rootstocks presented, in general, better chromatic characteristics and a higher anthocyanin and tannin content than the rest of the samples. CONCLUSION: This work gives additional information concerning the influence of rootstock on grape and wine phenolic composition. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry. SN - 1097-0010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30447086/Rootstock_effects_on_grape_anthocyanins_skin_and_seed_proanthocyanidins_and_wine_color_and_phenolic_compounds_from_Vitis_vinifera_L__Merlot_grapevines_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9496 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -