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Effects of diaper types on diaper dermatitis associated with diarrhea and antibiotic use in children in day-care centers.
Pediatr Dermatol. 1988 May; 5(2):83-7.PD

Abstract

Infants and toddlers in day-care centers have a relatively high frequency of diarrhea and/or oral antibiotic use, and may be at increased risk of developing diaper dermatitis when diapered. A six-month, prospective, double-blind study was conducted in day-care centers in Houston, Texas, to determine the frequency of diarrhea, antibiotic use, and diaper dermatitis in infants and toddlers wearing conventional (cellulose-only core) disposable diapers or disposable diapers with a core of absorbent gelling material (AGM) and cellulose. A questionnaire was administered weekly to the day-care staff to gather health information, and weekly visual examinations were made of children for diaper dermatitis. The frequency of diarrhea was 1.9 episodes per child-year and that of antibiotic use was 3.3 courses per child-year. Infants diapered in disposable diapers with AGM had a significantly (P 0.032) lower mean grade of diaper dermatitis during diarrhea episodes and a lower (P 0.054) mean grade during antibiotic use, compared to those diapered in conventional disposable diapers. There was no significant difference between groups with regard to isolation of Staphylococcus aureus or Candida albicans from superficial skin cultures of the diapered area. The results indicate that diarrhea and antibiotic use occur frequently in children in day-care centers, and that the severity of diaper dermatitis is less in children wearing AGM disposable diapers than those wearing conventional disposable diapers in that setting.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Procter & Gamble Company, Paper Products Division, Cincinnati, Ohio 45224.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3045780

Citation

Campbell, R L., et al. "Effects of Diaper Types On Diaper Dermatitis Associated With Diarrhea and Antibiotic Use in Children in Day-care Centers." Pediatric Dermatology, vol. 5, no. 2, 1988, pp. 83-7.
Campbell RL, Bartlett AV, Sarbaugh FC, et al. Effects of diaper types on diaper dermatitis associated with diarrhea and antibiotic use in children in day-care centers. Pediatr Dermatol. 1988;5(2):83-7.
Campbell, R. L., Bartlett, A. V., Sarbaugh, F. C., & Pickering, L. K. (1988). Effects of diaper types on diaper dermatitis associated with diarrhea and antibiotic use in children in day-care centers. Pediatric Dermatology, 5(2), 83-7.
Campbell RL, et al. Effects of Diaper Types On Diaper Dermatitis Associated With Diarrhea and Antibiotic Use in Children in Day-care Centers. Pediatr Dermatol. 1988;5(2):83-7. PubMed PMID: 3045780.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of diaper types on diaper dermatitis associated with diarrhea and antibiotic use in children in day-care centers. AU - Campbell,R L, AU - Bartlett,A V, AU - Sarbaugh,F C, AU - Pickering,L K, PY - 1988/5/1/pubmed PY - 1988/5/1/medline PY - 1988/5/1/entrez SP - 83 EP - 7 JF - Pediatric dermatology JO - Pediatr Dermatol VL - 5 IS - 2 N2 - Infants and toddlers in day-care centers have a relatively high frequency of diarrhea and/or oral antibiotic use, and may be at increased risk of developing diaper dermatitis when diapered. A six-month, prospective, double-blind study was conducted in day-care centers in Houston, Texas, to determine the frequency of diarrhea, antibiotic use, and diaper dermatitis in infants and toddlers wearing conventional (cellulose-only core) disposable diapers or disposable diapers with a core of absorbent gelling material (AGM) and cellulose. A questionnaire was administered weekly to the day-care staff to gather health information, and weekly visual examinations were made of children for diaper dermatitis. The frequency of diarrhea was 1.9 episodes per child-year and that of antibiotic use was 3.3 courses per child-year. Infants diapered in disposable diapers with AGM had a significantly (P 0.032) lower mean grade of diaper dermatitis during diarrhea episodes and a lower (P 0.054) mean grade during antibiotic use, compared to those diapered in conventional disposable diapers. There was no significant difference between groups with regard to isolation of Staphylococcus aureus or Candida albicans from superficial skin cultures of the diapered area. The results indicate that diarrhea and antibiotic use occur frequently in children in day-care centers, and that the severity of diaper dermatitis is less in children wearing AGM disposable diapers than those wearing conventional disposable diapers in that setting. SN - 0736-8046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3045780/Effects_of_diaper_types_on_diaper_dermatitis_associated_with_diarrhea_and_antibiotic_use_in_children_in_day_care_centers_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -