Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Forty cases of acquired oral syphilis and a review of the literature.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019 May; 48(5):635-643.IJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe 40 cases of acquired oral syphilis (AOS) and to discuss the distribution of demographic characteristics, clinical features, and differential diagnosis of the disease. A retrospective study was conducted covering a 17-year period at a single institution in southern Brazil. Moreover, a literature review was performed through a search of the PubMed database for articles on AOS published between 1955 and March 2018. Data were analyzed descriptively. The predominant group within the case series was male patients in their twenties. The vast majority of cases (92.5%) were in the secondary stage of the disease. The lips were the most commonly affected site, with greyish-white mucous patches and reddish ulcers. In the literature review, the largest number of reported cases came from North America. Male patients in the third and fourth decades of life were most affected. AOS occurred more commonly as mucous patches and ulcers on the tongue and palate. Similarities regarding the distribution by sex, age, and anatomical location were found in the present study when compared to cases reported elsewhere. Clinicians, oral pathologists, and maxillofacial surgeons should familiarize themselves with the variable spectrum of signs and symptoms of AOS in their clinical practice to improve diagnosis and management.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: alcides_almeida@hotmail.com.Diagnostic Centre for Oral Diseases, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.Diagnostic Centre for Oral Diseases, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Diagnostic Centre for Oral Diseases, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.Diagnostic Centre for Oral Diseases, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30459066

Citation

Schuch, L F., et al. "Forty Cases of Acquired Oral Syphilis and a Review of the Literature." International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 48, no. 5, 2019, pp. 635-643.
Schuch LF, da Silva KD, de Arruda JAA, et al. Forty cases of acquired oral syphilis and a review of the literature. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019;48(5):635-643.
Schuch, L. F., da Silva, K. D., de Arruda, J. A. A., Etges, A., Gomes, A. P. N., Mesquita, R. A., Vasconcelos, A. C. U., & Tarquinio, S. B. C. (2019). Forty cases of acquired oral syphilis and a review of the literature. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 48(5), 635-643. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2018.10.023
Schuch LF, et al. Forty Cases of Acquired Oral Syphilis and a Review of the Literature. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019;48(5):635-643. PubMed PMID: 30459066.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Forty cases of acquired oral syphilis and a review of the literature. AU - Schuch,L F, AU - da Silva,K D, AU - de Arruda,J A A, AU - Etges,A, AU - Gomes,A P N, AU - Mesquita,R A, AU - Vasconcelos,A C U, AU - Tarquinio,S B C, Y1 - 2018/11/17/ PY - 2018/05/27/received PY - 2018/09/20/revised PY - 2018/10/31/accepted PY - 2018/11/22/pubmed PY - 2019/10/30/medline PY - 2018/11/22/entrez KW - chancre KW - oral mucosa KW - sexually transmitted diseases KW - syphilis KW - treponemal infections SP - 635 EP - 643 JF - International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery JO - Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg VL - 48 IS - 5 N2 - The aim of this study was to describe 40 cases of acquired oral syphilis (AOS) and to discuss the distribution of demographic characteristics, clinical features, and differential diagnosis of the disease. A retrospective study was conducted covering a 17-year period at a single institution in southern Brazil. Moreover, a literature review was performed through a search of the PubMed database for articles on AOS published between 1955 and March 2018. Data were analyzed descriptively. The predominant group within the case series was male patients in their twenties. The vast majority of cases (92.5%) were in the secondary stage of the disease. The lips were the most commonly affected site, with greyish-white mucous patches and reddish ulcers. In the literature review, the largest number of reported cases came from North America. Male patients in the third and fourth decades of life were most affected. AOS occurred more commonly as mucous patches and ulcers on the tongue and palate. Similarities regarding the distribution by sex, age, and anatomical location were found in the present study when compared to cases reported elsewhere. Clinicians, oral pathologists, and maxillofacial surgeons should familiarize themselves with the variable spectrum of signs and symptoms of AOS in their clinical practice to improve diagnosis and management. SN - 1399-0020 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30459066/Forty_cases_of_acquired_oral_syphilis_and_a_review_of_the_literature L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0901-5027(18)30438-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -