Interleukin-1β exacerbates the catabolic effects of human nucleus pulposus cells through activation of the Nuclear Factor kappa B signaling pathway under hypoxic conditions.Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2018 11; 22(21):7129-7139.ER
To determine the regulatory role of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) in the Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) -mediated catabolic effects of the nucleus pulposus cells in human intervertebral disc degeneration under hypoxic conditions.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Human nucleus pulposus cells were cultured and exposed to IL-1β under hypoxic or normoxic environments, with or without NF-κB inhibition. The cell growth was determined using cell counting kit-8; gene and protein expressions were analyzed by Real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively.
Co-treatment with IL-1β and hypoxia decreased cell viability in human nucleus pulposus cells. There was a positive effect of IL-1β on human nucleus pulposus cells under hypoxia, which was through the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), MMP-13, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4, and ADAMTS-5. IL-1β-induced expressions of MMP-3, MMP-9, ADAMTS-4, and ADAMTS-5 under hypoxia were accompanied by increased activation of NF-κB. Inhibition of NF-κBp65 by small interfering RNA or specific inhibitor BAY11-7082 blocked IL-1β-dependent gene upregulation of MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4, and ADAMTS-5 in a hypoxic environment. The gene expression of aggrecan was decreased by IL-1β under hypoxic conditions, which was reversed by either BAY11-7082 or NF-κBp65 knockdown.
IL-1β and hypoxia synergetically contributed to the catabolic effects of the nucleus pulposus cells by upregulating the expression of MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 through the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway, indicating that the NF-κB signaling pathway is a key mediator of intervertebral disc degeneration.