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Anthocyanin accumulation and biosynthesis are modulated by regulated deficit irrigation in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) grapes and wines.
Plant Physiol Biochem. 2019 Feb; 135:469-479.PP

Abstract

Anthocyanins contents and compositions play an important role in grape berries and wines. Grapevines are widely cultivated in arid and semi-arid areas, and water shortage restricts the development of wine industry. The aim of this work was to gain insight on the effect of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) on the accumulation and biosynthesis of anthocyanins in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) grapes and wines. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for anthocyanins profiles analyses and real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used for the genes expressions measurement. The grapevines were treated with 60% (RDI-1), 70% (RDI-2), 80% (RDI-3), 100% (CK, traditional drip irrigation) of their estimated evapotranspiration (ETc) respectively. RDI treatments significantly reduced titration acid and increased pH with higher total soluble solids. RDI-1 treatment increased total anthocyanins contents in berries and wines in both two vintages. RDI-1 and RDI-2 treatments significantly increased the contents of acylated anthocyanins in berries and wines, especially Malvidin-3-acetly-glucoside. RDI treatments significantly increased non-acylated anthocyanins contents in wines, such as Delphinidin-3-gliucoside and Malvidin-3-glucoside. RDI treatments upregulated the expressions of VvPAL, VvC4H, VvCHS, VvF3'H, VvF3'5'H, VvLDOX, and VvOMT in both two vintages. Correlation analysis showed the accumulation of anthocyanins was closely related to the key genes expressions, including VvPAL, VvF3'H, VvF3'5'H etc. The present results provided direct evidence and detailed data to explain that RDI treatments regulated the accumulation of anthocyanins by regulating genes expressions in the anthocyanin synthesis pathway.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China. Electronic address: juyanlun2016@nwsuaf.edu.cn.College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China. Electronic address: yanbohan@nwsuaf.edu.cn.College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China. Electronic address: heshuang@nwsuaf.edu.cn.College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China. Electronic address: tututy@lzlj.com.College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China. Electronic address: minzhuo@nwsuaf.edu.cn.College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China; Shaanxi Engineering Research Center for Viti-Viniculture, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China. Electronic address: fangyulin@nwsuaf.edu.cn.College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China; Shaanxi Engineering Research Center for Viti-Viniculture, Yangling Shaanxi 712100, China. Electronic address: sunxiangyu@nwsuaf.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30473422

Citation

Ju, Yan-Lun, et al. "Anthocyanin Accumulation and Biosynthesis Are Modulated By Regulated Deficit Irrigation in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) Grapes and Wines." Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB, vol. 135, 2019, pp. 469-479.
Ju YL, Yang BH, He S, et al. Anthocyanin accumulation and biosynthesis are modulated by regulated deficit irrigation in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) grapes and wines. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2019;135:469-479.
Ju, Y. L., Yang, B. H., He, S., Tu, T. Y., Min, Z., Fang, Y. L., & Sun, X. Y. (2019). Anthocyanin accumulation and biosynthesis are modulated by regulated deficit irrigation in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) grapes and wines. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB, 135, 469-479. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.11.013
Ju YL, et al. Anthocyanin Accumulation and Biosynthesis Are Modulated By Regulated Deficit Irrigation in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) Grapes and Wines. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2019;135:469-479. PubMed PMID: 30473422.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anthocyanin accumulation and biosynthesis are modulated by regulated deficit irrigation in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) grapes and wines. AU - Ju,Yan-Lun, AU - Yang,Bo-Han, AU - He,Shuang, AU - Tu,Ting-Yao, AU - Min,Zhuo, AU - Fang,Yu-Lin, AU - Sun,Xiang-Yu, Y1 - 2018/11/15/ PY - 2018/09/29/received PY - 2018/11/07/revised PY - 2018/11/13/accepted PY - 2018/11/27/pubmed PY - 2019/1/23/medline PY - 2018/11/27/entrez KW - Anthocyanins KW - Genes KW - Grape KW - Water deficit irrigation KW - Wine SP - 469 EP - 479 JF - Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB JO - Plant Physiol Biochem VL - 135 N2 - Anthocyanins contents and compositions play an important role in grape berries and wines. Grapevines are widely cultivated in arid and semi-arid areas, and water shortage restricts the development of wine industry. The aim of this work was to gain insight on the effect of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) on the accumulation and biosynthesis of anthocyanins in Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis Vinifera L.) grapes and wines. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for anthocyanins profiles analyses and real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used for the genes expressions measurement. The grapevines were treated with 60% (RDI-1), 70% (RDI-2), 80% (RDI-3), 100% (CK, traditional drip irrigation) of their estimated evapotranspiration (ETc) respectively. RDI treatments significantly reduced titration acid and increased pH with higher total soluble solids. RDI-1 treatment increased total anthocyanins contents in berries and wines in both two vintages. RDI-1 and RDI-2 treatments significantly increased the contents of acylated anthocyanins in berries and wines, especially Malvidin-3-acetly-glucoside. RDI treatments significantly increased non-acylated anthocyanins contents in wines, such as Delphinidin-3-gliucoside and Malvidin-3-glucoside. RDI treatments upregulated the expressions of VvPAL, VvC4H, VvCHS, VvF3'H, VvF3'5'H, VvLDOX, and VvOMT in both two vintages. Correlation analysis showed the accumulation of anthocyanins was closely related to the key genes expressions, including VvPAL, VvF3'H, VvF3'5'H etc. The present results provided direct evidence and detailed data to explain that RDI treatments regulated the accumulation of anthocyanins by regulating genes expressions in the anthocyanin synthesis pathway. SN - 1873-2690 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30473422/Anthocyanin_accumulation_and_biosynthesis_are_modulated_by_regulated_deficit_irrigation_in_Cabernet_Sauvignon__Vitis_Vinifera_L___grapes_and_wines_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0981-9428(18)30512-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -