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Musical practice as an enhancer of cognitive function in healthy aging - A systematic review and meta-analysis.
PLoS One. 2018; 13(11):e0207957.Plos

Abstract

Aging is accompanied by cognitive decline, although recent research indicates that the rate of decline depends on multiple lifestyle factors. One of such factors is musical practice, an activity that involves several sensory and motor systems and a wide range of high-level cognitive processes. This paper describes the first systematic review and meta-analysis, to our knowledge, of the impact of musical practice on healthy neurocognitive aging. The inclusion criteria for the review required that studies were empirical works in English or Spanish that they explored the effects of musical practice on older people; they included an assessment of cognitive functions and/or an assessment of brain status; and they included a sample of participants aged 59 years or older with no cognitive impairment or brain damage. This review led to the selection of 13 studies: 9 correlational studies involving older musicians and non-musicians and 4 experimental studies involving short-term musical training programs. The results of the meta-analysis showed cognitive and cerebral benefits of musical practice, both in domain-specific functions (auditory perception) and in other rather domain-general functions. Moreover, these benefits seem to protect cognitive domains that usually decline with aging and boost other domains that do not decline with aging. The origin of these benefits may reside, simultaneously, in the specific training of many of these cognitive functions during musical practice (specific training mechanism), in the improvement of compensatory cognitive processes (specific compensatory mechanism), and in the preservation of general functions with a global influence on others, such as perceptual capacity, processing speed, inhibition and attention (general compensatory mechanism). Therefore, musical practice seems to be a promising tool to reduce the impact of cognitive problems associated to aging.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain.Department of Psychobiology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain. San Rafael University Hospital, Granada, Spain.Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain. Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30481227

Citation

Román-Caballero, Rafael, et al. "Musical Practice as an Enhancer of Cognitive Function in Healthy Aging - a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." PloS One, vol. 13, no. 11, 2018, pp. e0207957.
Román-Caballero R, Arnedo M, Triviño M, et al. Musical practice as an enhancer of cognitive function in healthy aging - A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2018;13(11):e0207957.
Román-Caballero, R., Arnedo, M., Triviño, M., & Lupiáñez, J. (2018). Musical practice as an enhancer of cognitive function in healthy aging - A systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS One, 13(11), e0207957. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207957
Román-Caballero R, et al. Musical Practice as an Enhancer of Cognitive Function in Healthy Aging - a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2018;13(11):e0207957. PubMed PMID: 30481227.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Musical practice as an enhancer of cognitive function in healthy aging - A systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Román-Caballero,Rafael, AU - Arnedo,Marisa, AU - Triviño,Mónica, AU - Lupiáñez,Juan, Y1 - 2018/11/27/ PY - 2018/09/14/received PY - 2018/11/08/accepted PY - 2018/11/28/entrez PY - 2018/11/28/pubmed PY - 2019/4/26/medline SP - e0207957 EP - e0207957 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 13 IS - 11 N2 - Aging is accompanied by cognitive decline, although recent research indicates that the rate of decline depends on multiple lifestyle factors. One of such factors is musical practice, an activity that involves several sensory and motor systems and a wide range of high-level cognitive processes. This paper describes the first systematic review and meta-analysis, to our knowledge, of the impact of musical practice on healthy neurocognitive aging. The inclusion criteria for the review required that studies were empirical works in English or Spanish that they explored the effects of musical practice on older people; they included an assessment of cognitive functions and/or an assessment of brain status; and they included a sample of participants aged 59 years or older with no cognitive impairment or brain damage. This review led to the selection of 13 studies: 9 correlational studies involving older musicians and non-musicians and 4 experimental studies involving short-term musical training programs. The results of the meta-analysis showed cognitive and cerebral benefits of musical practice, both in domain-specific functions (auditory perception) and in other rather domain-general functions. Moreover, these benefits seem to protect cognitive domains that usually decline with aging and boost other domains that do not decline with aging. The origin of these benefits may reside, simultaneously, in the specific training of many of these cognitive functions during musical practice (specific training mechanism), in the improvement of compensatory cognitive processes (specific compensatory mechanism), and in the preservation of general functions with a global influence on others, such as perceptual capacity, processing speed, inhibition and attention (general compensatory mechanism). Therefore, musical practice seems to be a promising tool to reduce the impact of cognitive problems associated to aging. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30481227/Musical_practice_as_an_enhancer_of_cognitive_function_in_healthy_aging___A_systematic_review_and_meta_analysis_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207957 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -