Novel functions of peroxiredoxin Q from Deinococcus radiodurans R1 as a peroxidase and a molecular chaperone.FEBS Lett. 2019 01; 593(2):219-229.FL
Deinococcus radiodurans R1 is extremely resistant to ionizing radiation and oxidative stress. In this study, we characterized DR0846, a candidate peroxiredoxin in D. radiodurans. DR0846 is a peroxiredoxin Q containing two conserved cysteine residues. DR0846 exists mainly in monomeric form with an intramolecular disulfide bond between the two cysteine residues. We found that DR0846 functions as a molecular chaperone as well as a peroxidase. A mutational analysis indicates that the two cysteine residues are essential for enzymatic activity. A double-deletion mutant lacking DR0846 and catalase DR1998 exhibits decreased oxidative and heat shock stress tolerance with respect to the single mutants or the wild-type cells. These results suggest that DR0846 contributes to resistance against oxidative and heat stresses in D. radiodurans.