Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Menstrual cycle phase does not modulate whole body heat loss during exercise in hot, dry conditions.
J Appl Physiol (1985) 2019; 126(2):286-293JA

Abstract

Menstrual cycle phase has long been thought to modulate thermoregulatory function. However, information pertaining to the effects of menstrual phase on time-dependent changes in whole body dry and evaporative heat exchange during exercise-induced heat stress and the specific heat load at which menstrual phase modulates whole body heat loss remained unavailable. We therefore used direct calorimetry to continuously assess whole body dry and evaporative exchange in 12 habitually active, non-endurance-trained, eumenorrheic women [21 ± 3 (SD) yr] within the early-follicular, late-follicular, and midluteal menstrual phases during three 30-min bouts of cycling at increasing fixed exercise intensities of 40% (Low), 55% (Moderate), and 70% (High) peak oxygen uptake, each followed by a 15-min recovery, in hot, dry conditions (40°C, 15% relative humidity). This model elicited equivalent rates of metabolic heat production among menstrual phases (P = 0.80) of ~250 (Low), ~340 (Moderate), and ~430 W (High). However, dry and evaporative heat exchange and the resulting changes in net heat loss (dry ± evaporative heat exchange) were similar among phases (all P > 0.05), with net heat loss averaging 216 ± 43 (Low), 287 ± 63 (Moderate), and 331 ± 75 W (High) across phases. Accordingly, cumulative body heat storage (summation of heat production and loss) across all exercise bouts was similar among phases (P = 0.55), averaging 464 ± 122 kJ. For some time, menstrual cycle phase has been thought to modulate heat dissipation; however, we show that menstrual cycle phase does not influence the contribution of whole body dry and evaporative heat exchange or the resulting changes in net heat loss or body heat storage, irrespective of the heat load. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Menstrual phase has long been thought to modulate thermoregulatory function in eumenorrheic women during exercise-induced heat stress. Contrary to that perception, we show that when assessed in young, non-endurance-trained women within the early-follicular, late-follicular, and midluteal phases during three incremental exercise-induced heat loads in hot, dry conditions, menstrual phase does not modify whole body dry and evaporative heat exchange or the resulting changes in body heat storage, regardless of the heat load employed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa , Ottawa, Ontario , Canada.Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa , Ottawa, Ontario , Canada.Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa , Ottawa, Ontario , Canada.Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa , Ottawa, Ontario , Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30496713

Citation

Notley, Sean R., et al. "Menstrual Cycle Phase Does Not Modulate Whole Body Heat Loss During Exercise in Hot, Dry Conditions." Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), vol. 126, no. 2, 2019, pp. 286-293.
Notley SR, Dervis S, Poirier MP, et al. Menstrual cycle phase does not modulate whole body heat loss during exercise in hot, dry conditions. J Appl Physiol. 2019;126(2):286-293.
Notley, S. R., Dervis, S., Poirier, M. P., & Kenny, G. P. (2019). Menstrual cycle phase does not modulate whole body heat loss during exercise in hot, dry conditions. Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 126(2), pp. 286-293. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00735.2018.
Notley SR, et al. Menstrual Cycle Phase Does Not Modulate Whole Body Heat Loss During Exercise in Hot, Dry Conditions. J Appl Physiol. 2019 02 1;126(2):286-293. PubMed PMID: 30496713.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Menstrual cycle phase does not modulate whole body heat loss during exercise in hot, dry conditions. AU - Notley,Sean R, AU - Dervis,Sheila, AU - Poirier,Martin P, AU - Kenny,Glen P, Y1 - 2018/11/29/ PY - 2020/02/01/pmc-release PY - 2018/11/30/pubmed PY - 2018/11/30/medline PY - 2018/11/30/entrez KW - calorimetry KW - exercise KW - menstrual cycle KW - sex hormones KW - sweating KW - thermoregulation SP - 286 EP - 293 JF - Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) JO - J. Appl. Physiol. VL - 126 IS - 2 N2 - Menstrual cycle phase has long been thought to modulate thermoregulatory function. However, information pertaining to the effects of menstrual phase on time-dependent changes in whole body dry and evaporative heat exchange during exercise-induced heat stress and the specific heat load at which menstrual phase modulates whole body heat loss remained unavailable. We therefore used direct calorimetry to continuously assess whole body dry and evaporative exchange in 12 habitually active, non-endurance-trained, eumenorrheic women [21 ± 3 (SD) yr] within the early-follicular, late-follicular, and midluteal menstrual phases during three 30-min bouts of cycling at increasing fixed exercise intensities of 40% (Low), 55% (Moderate), and 70% (High) peak oxygen uptake, each followed by a 15-min recovery, in hot, dry conditions (40°C, 15% relative humidity). This model elicited equivalent rates of metabolic heat production among menstrual phases (P = 0.80) of ~250 (Low), ~340 (Moderate), and ~430 W (High). However, dry and evaporative heat exchange and the resulting changes in net heat loss (dry ± evaporative heat exchange) were similar among phases (all P > 0.05), with net heat loss averaging 216 ± 43 (Low), 287 ± 63 (Moderate), and 331 ± 75 W (High) across phases. Accordingly, cumulative body heat storage (summation of heat production and loss) across all exercise bouts was similar among phases (P = 0.55), averaging 464 ± 122 kJ. For some time, menstrual cycle phase has been thought to modulate heat dissipation; however, we show that menstrual cycle phase does not influence the contribution of whole body dry and evaporative heat exchange or the resulting changes in net heat loss or body heat storage, irrespective of the heat load. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Menstrual phase has long been thought to modulate thermoregulatory function in eumenorrheic women during exercise-induced heat stress. Contrary to that perception, we show that when assessed in young, non-endurance-trained women within the early-follicular, late-follicular, and midluteal phases during three incremental exercise-induced heat loads in hot, dry conditions, menstrual phase does not modify whole body dry and evaporative heat exchange or the resulting changes in body heat storage, regardless of the heat load employed. SN - 1522-1601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30496713/Menstrual_cycle_phase_does_not_modulate_whole_body_heat_loss_during_exercise_in_hot_dry_conditions_ L2 - http://www.physiology.org/doi/full/10.1152/japplphysiol.00735.2018?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -