Two year continuation rates of contraceptive methods in France: a cohort study from the French national health insurance database.Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2018; 23(6):421-426EJ
The aim of this study was to evaluate the continuation rates of reimbursed contraceptive methods in French real-world conditions.
A retrospective cohort study using a representative sample of the national health insurance database, the General Sample of Beneficiaries (Echantillon Généralistes des Bénéficiaires [EGB]), was performed between 2006 and 2012. Selected women were ≥15 years of age and had started a reimbursed contraceptive method between 2009 and 2012 without prior reimbursement for an implant or an intrauterine contraceptive method between 2006 and 2008. The outcome of interest was the continuation rates, defined as the probability of women initiating a contraceptive method and continuing to use the same method over time. Continuation rates were assessed for up to 2 years. Only the first contraceptive method used during the study period was considered in the analysis. Non-parametric Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to assess continuation rates.
A population of 42,365 women representative of the 4,109,405 French women initiating any reimbursed method between 2009 and 2012 was identified in the EGB: 74.5% of women used oral contraceptives, 12.8% the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), 9.2% the copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) and 3.5% the subdermal etonogestrel (ENG) implant. The 2 year continuation rates varied from 9.1% for progestin-only oral contraceptives, 27.6% for first to second generation combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and 33.4% for third generation COCs to 83.6% for the ENG implant, 88.1% for the Cu-IUD and 91.1% for the LNG-IUS.
This study conducted in real-world conditions showed that long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods remain rarely used in France despite high continuation rates over 2 years. Increasing the use of LARC methods is therefore a public health priority.