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Hematological and Psychophysiological Correlates of Anomalous Information Reception in Mediums: A Preliminary Exploration.
Explore (NY) 2019 Mar - Apr; 15(2):126-133E

Abstract

CONTEXT

Modern research with mediums-individuals who regularly experience and report communication from the deceased-includes investigations of mediums' accuracy, psychology, phenomenology, and electrophysiology and the therapeutic potential of mediumship readings for the bereaved. Anecdotal reports imply that chronic medical problems may be a serious concern for mediums.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was two-fold: (I) to systematically investigate the hematological and psychophysiological correlates of anomalous information reception (AIR, the reporting of accurate and specific information about the deceased in the absence of prior knowledge, feedback, or deceptive means) and (II) to compare the reported health issues of mediums and non-mediums.

DESIGN

(I) A repeated-measures design in which mediums engaged in blinded mediumship readings and a control condition was used. (II) A parallel-groups design was used to compare mediums' and non-mediums' responses to an anonymous online survey regarding their health issues.

PARTICIPANTS

(I) Data was collected from five Windbridge Certified Research Mediums. (II) Survey responses from 125 mediums were compared to responses from 222 non-mediums.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

(I) General physiological measures and 28 hematological elements were assessed. (II) Reports regarding autoimmune disease diagnoses and specific ailments by organ system were collected.

RESULTS

Novel findings from this study included the following: (I) No significant hematological or physiological changes were seen in the mediums when pre- and post-condition comparisons were made for the counter-balanced sessions. (II) Compared to non-mediums, more mediums reported having at least one autoimmune disease (35.2% vs. 18.9%; p = 0.00076; z = 3.37; h = 0.4). Mediums also reported experiencing more health issues than did non-mediums (8.08 ± 5.38 vs. 5.09 ± 4.17 symptoms; p < 0.000001, g = 0.6). Specifically, more mediums than non-mediums (all p < 0.004) reported water retention (19.2% vs. 5.0%, z = 4.23, h = 0.5), bruising easily (20.0% vs. 9.0%, z = 2.93, h = 0.3), gastrointestinal issues (35.2% vs. 18.5%, z = 3.48, h = 0.4), headaches/migraines (26.4% vs. 11.3%, z = 3.63, h = 0.4), asthma (20.0% vs. 9.0%, z = 2.93, h = 0.3), food intolerances (28.0% vs. 9.9%, z = 4.37, h = 0.5), and sleep disturbances (40.8% vs. 14.9%, z = 5.41 h = 0.6). The proportions of participants reporting exophthalmos, chronic fatigue syndrome, and ankle sprains were not different.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Windbridge Institute, 1517 N Wilmot Rd #254, Tucson, Arizona, USA.. Electronic address: info@windbridgeinstitute.com.Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin, USA.Windbridge Institute, 1517 N Wilmot Rd #254, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30503039

Citation

Beischel, Julie, et al. "Hematological and Psychophysiological Correlates of Anomalous Information Reception in Mediums: a Preliminary Exploration." Explore (New York, N.Y.), vol. 15, no. 2, 2019, pp. 126-133.
Beischel J, Tassone S, Boccuzzi M. Hematological and Psychophysiological Correlates of Anomalous Information Reception in Mediums: A Preliminary Exploration. Explore (NY). 2019;15(2):126-133.
Beischel, J., Tassone, S., & Boccuzzi, M. (2019). Hematological and Psychophysiological Correlates of Anomalous Information Reception in Mediums: A Preliminary Exploration. Explore (New York, N.Y.), 15(2), pp. 126-133. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2018.04.009.
Beischel J, Tassone S, Boccuzzi M. Hematological and Psychophysiological Correlates of Anomalous Information Reception in Mediums: a Preliminary Exploration. Explore (NY). 2019;15(2):126-133. PubMed PMID: 30503039.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hematological and Psychophysiological Correlates of Anomalous Information Reception in Mediums: A Preliminary Exploration. AU - Beischel,Julie, AU - Tassone,Shawn, AU - Boccuzzi,Mark, Y1 - 2018/08/02/ PY - 2018/04/19/received PY - 2018/04/22/accepted PY - 2018/12/7/pubmed PY - 2019/6/14/medline PY - 2018/12/4/entrez KW - Mediums KW - anomalous information reception KW - autoimmune KW - disease burden KW - hematological KW - psychophysiological SP - 126 EP - 133 JF - Explore (New York, N.Y.) JO - Explore (NY) VL - 15 IS - 2 N2 - CONTEXT: Modern research with mediums-individuals who regularly experience and report communication from the deceased-includes investigations of mediums' accuracy, psychology, phenomenology, and electrophysiology and the therapeutic potential of mediumship readings for the bereaved. Anecdotal reports imply that chronic medical problems may be a serious concern for mediums. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was two-fold: (I) to systematically investigate the hematological and psychophysiological correlates of anomalous information reception (AIR, the reporting of accurate and specific information about the deceased in the absence of prior knowledge, feedback, or deceptive means) and (II) to compare the reported health issues of mediums and non-mediums. DESIGN: (I) A repeated-measures design in which mediums engaged in blinded mediumship readings and a control condition was used. (II) A parallel-groups design was used to compare mediums' and non-mediums' responses to an anonymous online survey regarding their health issues. PARTICIPANTS: (I) Data was collected from five Windbridge Certified Research Mediums. (II) Survey responses from 125 mediums were compared to responses from 222 non-mediums. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (I) General physiological measures and 28 hematological elements were assessed. (II) Reports regarding autoimmune disease diagnoses and specific ailments by organ system were collected. RESULTS: Novel findings from this study included the following: (I) No significant hematological or physiological changes were seen in the mediums when pre- and post-condition comparisons were made for the counter-balanced sessions. (II) Compared to non-mediums, more mediums reported having at least one autoimmune disease (35.2% vs. 18.9%; p = 0.00076; z = 3.37; h = 0.4). Mediums also reported experiencing more health issues than did non-mediums (8.08 ± 5.38 vs. 5.09 ± 4.17 symptoms; p < 0.000001, g = 0.6). Specifically, more mediums than non-mediums (all p < 0.004) reported water retention (19.2% vs. 5.0%, z = 4.23, h = 0.5), bruising easily (20.0% vs. 9.0%, z = 2.93, h = 0.3), gastrointestinal issues (35.2% vs. 18.5%, z = 3.48, h = 0.4), headaches/migraines (26.4% vs. 11.3%, z = 3.63, h = 0.4), asthma (20.0% vs. 9.0%, z = 2.93, h = 0.3), food intolerances (28.0% vs. 9.9%, z = 4.37, h = 0.5), and sleep disturbances (40.8% vs. 14.9%, z = 5.41 h = 0.6). The proportions of participants reporting exophthalmos, chronic fatigue syndrome, and ankle sprains were not different. SN - 1878-7541 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30503039/Hematological_and_Psychophysiological_Correlates_of_Anomalous_Information_Reception_in_Mediums:_A_Preliminary_Exploration L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1550-8307(18)30126-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -