Benefits of multiple micronutrient supplementation in heart failure: A comprehensive review.Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2019; 59(6):965-981.CR
Multiple micronutrient supplementation has been suggested to have a role on health outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF), but the evidence is inconclusive.
To elucidate the role of multiple micronutrient supplementation in heart failure we performed a comprehensive review of the literature.
METHODS AND RESULTS
The search in databases included PUBMED (until June 2018) to detect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyzes that investigated the impact of micronutrient supplementation in HF.
With more than 2357 titles and abstracts reviewed, we included only the studies suitable for the final review. Whether alone or in combination, micronutrients have been found to improve the health outcomes of patients with HF by improving symptoms, work capacity and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), thus increasing the quality of life in these patients.
Future studies are needed to document the effects of multiple micronutrient associations in order to include them in nutritional guidelines to increase survival and to improve quality of life in patients with heart failure.