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Oxymetholone-Induced Acute Renal Failure: A Case Report.

Abstract

Background

The prevalence of using anabolic steroids such as oxymetholone is increasing. This highlights the need for closely monitoring side effects of this drug. Acute renal failure (ARF) has been reported as a complication of rhabdomyolysis in anabolic steroids users.

Case presentation

We present one 33-year-old man complaining of decreased urine volume, urine color change, and lower abdominal pain. He is engaged with a rare side effect of oxymetholone abuse. During assessments of potential medical issues associated with the intake of anabolic steroids, known side effects are known to be transient, but the need for appropriate interventions remains essential.

Conclusions

Rhabdomyolysis due to drug use and the consequent acute kidney injury are among the lethal risks associated with anabolic steroid abuse. In most cases, the symptoms are extensive and often misleading. Therefore, detailed history taking, physical scrutiny, paraclinical testing, and early diagnosis are crucial for rhabdomyolysis patients.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery School, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

    Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Comprehensive cancer center, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

    Source

    Pub Type(s)

    Case Reports

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    30510659

    Citation

    Tarashande Foumani, Azade, and Forouzan Elyasi. "Oxymetholone-Induced Acute Renal Failure: a Case Report." Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 9, no. 4, 2018, pp. 410-412.
    Tarashande Foumani A, Elyasi F. Oxymetholone-Induced Acute Renal Failure: A Case Report. Caspian J Intern Med. 2018;9(4):410-412.
    Tarashande Foumani, A., & Elyasi, F. (2018). Oxymetholone-Induced Acute Renal Failure: A Case Report. Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine, 9(4), pp. 410-412. doi:10.22088/cjim.9.4.406.
    Tarashande Foumani A, Elyasi F. Oxymetholone-Induced Acute Renal Failure: a Case Report. Caspian J Intern Med. 2018;9(4):410-412. PubMed PMID: 30510659.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Oxymetholone-Induced Acute Renal Failure: A Case Report. AU - Tarashande Foumani,Azade, AU - Elyasi,Forouzan, PY - 2018/12/5/entrez PY - 2018/12/5/pubmed PY - 2018/12/5/medline KW - Anabolic steroids KW - Oxymetholone KW - Renal failure KW - Rhabdomyolysis SP - 410 EP - 412 JF - Caspian journal of internal medicine JO - Caspian J Intern Med VL - 9 IS - 4 N2 - Background: The prevalence of using anabolic steroids such as oxymetholone is increasing. This highlights the need for closely monitoring side effects of this drug. Acute renal failure (ARF) has been reported as a complication of rhabdomyolysis in anabolic steroids users. Case presentation: We present one 33-year-old man complaining of decreased urine volume, urine color change, and lower abdominal pain. He is engaged with a rare side effect of oxymetholone abuse. During assessments of potential medical issues associated with the intake of anabolic steroids, known side effects are known to be transient, but the need for appropriate interventions remains essential. Conclusions: Rhabdomyolysis due to drug use and the consequent acute kidney injury are among the lethal risks associated with anabolic steroid abuse. In most cases, the symptoms are extensive and often misleading. Therefore, detailed history taking, physical scrutiny, paraclinical testing, and early diagnosis are crucial for rhabdomyolysis patients. SN - 2008-6164 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30510659/Oxymetholone-Induced_Acute_Renal_Failure:_A_Case_Report L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/30510659/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -