Mitochondrial haplogroup H is related to CD4+ T cell recovery in HIV infected patients starting combination antiretroviral therapy.J Transl Med. 2018 12 06; 16(1):343.JT
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) seems to influence in a large number of diseases, including HIV infection. Moreover, there is a substantial inter-individual variability in the CD4+ recovery in HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Our study aimed to analyze the association between mtDNA haplogroups and CD4+ recovery in HIV-infected patients on cART.
This is a retrospective study of 324 naïve cART patients with CD4+ < 200 cells/mm3, who were followed-up during 24 months after initiating cART. All patients had undetectable HIV viral load during the follow-up. Besides, we included 141 healthy controls. MtDNA genotyping was performed by using Sequenom's MassARRAY platform. The primary outcome variable was the slope of CD4+ recovery. Patients were stratified into two groups by the median slope value of CD4+ (9.65 CD4+ cells/mm3/month). Logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate the odds of CD4+ recovery according to mtDNA haplogroups.
Our study included European HIV-infected patients within the N macro-cluster. The baseline values of CD4+ T-cells were similar between groups of patients stratified by the P50th of the slope of CD4+ T-cells recovery. Patients in the low CD4+ T-cells recovery group were older (p = 0.001), but this variable was included in the multivariate models. When we analyzed the frequencies of mtDNA haplogroups, no significant differences between HIV-infected individuals and healthy controls were found. We did not find any significant association between mtDNA haplogroups and the slope of CD4+ T-cells recovery by linear regression analysis. However, Patients carrying haplogroup H had a higher odds of having a better CD4+ recovery (> 9.65 CD4+ cells/mm3/month) than patients without haplogroup H (p = 0.032). The adjusted logistic regression showed that patients carrying haplogroup H had a higher likelihood of achieving a CD4+ recovery > 9.65 CD4+ cells/mm3/month [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.75 (95% CI = 1.04; 2.95); p = 0.035].
European mitochondrial haplogroup H was associated with the improved CD4+ recovery in HIV-infected patients starting cART with CD4+ < 200 cells/mm3.