Rapid Construction of Structurally Diverse Quinolizidines, Indolizidines, and Their Analogues via Ruthenium-Catalyzed Asymmetric Cascade Hydrogenation/Reductive Amination.Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2019 03 18; 58(12):3809-3813.AC
A rapid construction of enantioenriched benzo-fused quinolizidines, indolizidines, and their analogues by ruthenium-catalyzed asymmetric cascade hydrogenation/reductive amination of quinolinyl- and quinoxalinyl-containing ketones has been developed. This reaction proceeds under mild reaction conditions, affording chiral benzo-fused aliphatic N-heterocyclic compounds with structural diversity in good yields (up to 95 %) with excellent diastereoselectivity (up to >20:1 dr) and enantioselectivity (up to >99 % ee). Furthermore, this catalytic protocol is applicable to the formal synthesis of (+)-gephyrotoxin.