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The survival and hepatic and muscle glucose and lactate levels of Rhamdia quelen inoculated with Aeromonas hydrophila and treated with terpinen-4-ol, carvacrol or thymol.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance of Rhamdia quelen (silver catfish) to Aeromonas hydrophila infection after treatment with pure and nanoencapsulated forms either terpinen-4-ol, thymol, or carvacrol and the effects of these treatments on fish metabolic responses. After A. hydrophila inoculation, fish were treated with 30 min daily baths for 6 consecutive days with terpinen-4-ol, thymol, or carvacrol in their pure or nanoencapsulated forms at concentrations of 5, 10, 15 or 25 mg L-1. A positive control group, negative control group and saline group were also included. Survival was evaluated at the end of treatment for six consecutive days. Muscle and liver were collected to determine glucose and lactate levels. The fish treated with the nanoencapsulated form of the compounds had a high survival rate, similar to saline group and negative control groups. The carvacrol, thymol and terpinen-4-ol nanoencapsulated forms improved survival of silver catfish infected with A. hydrophila. Muscle and liver glucose and lactate levels are not indicated as biomarkers because they did not present any correlation between the metabolic state of the fish and the bacterial infection.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Graduate Program in Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria/ UFSM, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: jessyka.arruda.c@hotmail.com.

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    Graduate Program in Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria/ UFSM, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: guerino.junior@hotmail.com.

    ,

    Graduate Program in Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria/ UFSM, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: elisia.biomedicina@hotmail.com.

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    Pharmacy Course, UFSM, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: ceciliascheeren@hotmail.com.

    ,

    Graduate Program in Nanoscience, Universidade Franciscana, 97010-032, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: vivi.pfausto@gmail.com.

    ,

    Graduate Program in Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria/ UFSM, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: josalbego2004@yahoo.com.br.

    ,

    Center for Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Food Science, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: rodvaucher@hotmail.com.

    ,

    Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, UFSM, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: agueda.vargas@gmail.com.

    Graduate Program in Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria/ UFSM, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, UFSM, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: bbaldisserotto@hotmail.com.

    Source

    Microbial pathogenesis 127: 2019 Feb pg 220-224

    MeSH

    Aeromonas hydrophila
    Animals
    Anti-Infective Agents
    Catfishes
    Fish Diseases
    Glucose
    Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
    Lactic Acid
    Liver
    Monoterpenes
    Muscles
    Survival Analysis
    Terpenes
    Thymol
    Treatment Outcome

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    30529428

    Citation

    da Cunha, Jessyka Arruda, et al. "The Survival and Hepatic and Muscle Glucose and Lactate Levels of Rhamdia Quelen Inoculated With Aeromonas Hydrophila and Treated With Terpinen-4-ol, Carvacrol or Thymol." Microbial Pathogenesis, vol. 127, 2019, pp. 220-224.
    da Cunha JA, Bandeira Junior G, da Silva EG, et al. The survival and hepatic and muscle glucose and lactate levels of Rhamdia quelen inoculated with Aeromonas hydrophila and treated with terpinen-4-ol, carvacrol or thymol. Microb Pathog. 2019;127:220-224.
    da Cunha, J. A., Bandeira Junior, G., da Silva, E. G., de Ávila Scheeren, C., Fausto, V. P., Salbego, J., ... Baldisserotto, B. (2019). The survival and hepatic and muscle glucose and lactate levels of Rhamdia quelen inoculated with Aeromonas hydrophila and treated with terpinen-4-ol, carvacrol or thymol. Microbial Pathogenesis, 127, pp. 220-224. doi:10.1016/j.micpath.2018.12.005.
    da Cunha JA, et al. The Survival and Hepatic and Muscle Glucose and Lactate Levels of Rhamdia Quelen Inoculated With Aeromonas Hydrophila and Treated With Terpinen-4-ol, Carvacrol or Thymol. Microb Pathog. 2019;127:220-224. PubMed PMID: 30529428.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The survival and hepatic and muscle glucose and lactate levels of Rhamdia quelen inoculated with Aeromonas hydrophila and treated with terpinen-4-ol, carvacrol or thymol. AU - da Cunha,Jessyka Arruda, AU - Bandeira Junior,Guerino, AU - da Silva,Elisia Gomes, AU - de Ávila Scheeren,Cecília, AU - Fausto,Viviane Pedroso, AU - Salbego,Joseânia, AU - de Almeida Vaucher,Rodrigo, AU - de Vargas,Agueda Castagna, AU - Baldisserotto,Bernardo, Y1 - 2018/12/05/ PY - 2018/10/24/received PY - 2018/11/28/revised PY - 2018/12/04/accepted PY - 2018/12/12/pubmed PY - 2019/3/15/medline PY - 2018/12/12/entrez KW - Bacterial infections KW - Nanoencapsulated compounds KW - Nanotechnology KW - Silver catfish SP - 220 EP - 224 JF - Microbial pathogenesis JO - Microb. Pathog. VL - 127 N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance of Rhamdia quelen (silver catfish) to Aeromonas hydrophila infection after treatment with pure and nanoencapsulated forms either terpinen-4-ol, thymol, or carvacrol and the effects of these treatments on fish metabolic responses. After A. hydrophila inoculation, fish were treated with 30 min daily baths for 6 consecutive days with terpinen-4-ol, thymol, or carvacrol in their pure or nanoencapsulated forms at concentrations of 5, 10, 15 or 25 mg L-1. A positive control group, negative control group and saline group were also included. Survival was evaluated at the end of treatment for six consecutive days. Muscle and liver were collected to determine glucose and lactate levels. The fish treated with the nanoencapsulated form of the compounds had a high survival rate, similar to saline group and negative control groups. The carvacrol, thymol and terpinen-4-ol nanoencapsulated forms improved survival of silver catfish infected with A. hydrophila. Muscle and liver glucose and lactate levels are not indicated as biomarkers because they did not present any correlation between the metabolic state of the fish and the bacterial infection. SN - 1096-1208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30529428/The_survival_and_hepatic_and_muscle_glucose_and_lactate_levels_of_Rhamdia_quelen_inoculated_with_Aeromonas_hydrophila_and_treated_with_terpinen-4-ol,_carvacrol_or_thymol L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0882-4010(18)31830-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -