Preparation and partial characterization of films made with dual-modified (acetylation and crosslinking) potato starch.J Sci Food Agric. 2019 Apr; 99(6):3134-3141.JS
Starch is an alternative material for the production of biodegradable plastics; however, native starches have drawbacks due to their hydrophilic nature. Chemical modifications such as acetylation and crosslinking are used to broaden the potential end-uses of starch. Dual modification of starches increases their functionality compared to that of starches with similar single modifications. In this study, a dual-modified potato starch (acetylated and crosslinked) was used to produce films by casting.
Changes in the arrangement of the amylopectin double helices of dual-modified starch were evident from X-ray diffraction patterns, pasting profiles and thermal properties. The degree of substitution for acetyl groups was low (0.058 ± 0.006) because crosslinking dominated acetylation. Modified starch film had higher elongation percentage (82.81%) than its native counterpart (57.4%), but lower tensile strength (3.51 MPa for native and 2.17 MPa for dual-modified) and lower crystallinity in fresh and stored films. The sorption isotherms indicated that the dual modification decreased the number of reactive sites for binding water, resulting in a reduction in the monolayer value and a decrease in the solubility and water vapor permeability.
Dual modification of starch may be a feasible option for improving the properties of biodegradable starch films. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.