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Lipid Characterization of Chinese Wild Hazelnuts (Corylus mandshurica Maxim.).
J Oleo Sci. 2019 Jan 01; 68(1):13-20.JO

Abstract

To develop and use the hazelnut, the main composition, and the physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid compositions, triacylglycerol (TAG) distribution and tocol contents of Hazelnut (Corylus mandshurica Maxim.) which growing in Changbai mountain of Jilin province (HO1) and Anshan city of Liaoning province (HO2) in China were investigated, and the comparative study between the two hazelnut oils and American hazelnut / Turkish hazelnut were also explored. The content of crude lipid and protein in HO1 and HO2 were approximately 54% and 17%, 55% and 16%, respectively. The two hazelnut oils were abundant in unsaturated fatty acids, with the primary unsaturated fatty acids were oleic acid (78%-80%) and linoleic acid (14-16%), which accounted for above 90% of the oils. Therefore, both of the hazelnut oils were important sources of essential fatty acid. In addition, the main saturated fatty acid of the two hazelnut oils were palmitic acid (3%) and stearic acid (1-2%). The main triacylglycerols (TGA) profile were dioleolinolein (OOL), oleodilinolein (OLL) and triolein (OOO). The contents of tocol were 574.44 μg/g, 647.49 μg/g oil in HO1 and HO2, respectively, both of them were higher than that of grape seed oils (454 μg/g), olive oils (209 μg/g) and walnut oils (255 μg/g). The total phytosterol contents were over 2000μg/g and β-sitosterol was the most predominant sterol in two oils.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Food Science and Technology, Henan University of Technology.College of Food Science and Technology, Henan University of Technology.College of Food Science and Technology, Henan University of Technology.College of Food Science and Technology, Henan University of Technology.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30542005

Citation

Ji, Junmin, et al. "Lipid Characterization of Chinese Wild Hazelnuts (Corylus Mandshurica Maxim.)." Journal of Oleo Science, vol. 68, no. 1, 2019, pp. 13-20.
Ji J, Ge Z, Feng Y, et al. Lipid Characterization of Chinese Wild Hazelnuts (Corylus mandshurica Maxim.). J Oleo Sci. 2019;68(1):13-20.
Ji, J., Ge, Z., Feng, Y., & Wang, X. (2019). Lipid Characterization of Chinese Wild Hazelnuts (Corylus mandshurica Maxim.). Journal of Oleo Science, 68(1), 13-20. https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.ess18132
Ji J, et al. Lipid Characterization of Chinese Wild Hazelnuts (Corylus Mandshurica Maxim.). J Oleo Sci. 2019 Jan 1;68(1):13-20. PubMed PMID: 30542005.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lipid Characterization of Chinese Wild Hazelnuts (Corylus mandshurica Maxim.). AU - Ji,Junmin, AU - Ge,Zhengfa, AU - Feng,Yeshen, AU - Wang,Xuede, Y1 - 2018/12/12/ PY - 2018/12/14/pubmed PY - 2019/2/23/medline PY - 2018/12/14/entrez KW - Corylus mandshurica Maxim. KW - fatty acid KW - hazelnut oil KW - lipid characterization KW - tocopherol KW - triacylglycerol SP - 13 EP - 20 JF - Journal of oleo science JO - J Oleo Sci VL - 68 IS - 1 N2 - To develop and use the hazelnut, the main composition, and the physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid compositions, triacylglycerol (TAG) distribution and tocol contents of Hazelnut (Corylus mandshurica Maxim.) which growing in Changbai mountain of Jilin province (HO1) and Anshan city of Liaoning province (HO2) in China were investigated, and the comparative study between the two hazelnut oils and American hazelnut / Turkish hazelnut were also explored. The content of crude lipid and protein in HO1 and HO2 were approximately 54% and 17%, 55% and 16%, respectively. The two hazelnut oils were abundant in unsaturated fatty acids, with the primary unsaturated fatty acids were oleic acid (78%-80%) and linoleic acid (14-16%), which accounted for above 90% of the oils. Therefore, both of the hazelnut oils were important sources of essential fatty acid. In addition, the main saturated fatty acid of the two hazelnut oils were palmitic acid (3%) and stearic acid (1-2%). The main triacylglycerols (TGA) profile were dioleolinolein (OOL), oleodilinolein (OLL) and triolein (OOO). The contents of tocol were 574.44 μg/g, 647.49 μg/g oil in HO1 and HO2, respectively, both of them were higher than that of grape seed oils (454 μg/g), olive oils (209 μg/g) and walnut oils (255 μg/g). The total phytosterol contents were over 2000μg/g and β-sitosterol was the most predominant sterol in two oils. SN - 1347-3352 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30542005/Lipid_Characterization_of_Chinese_Wild_Hazelnuts__Corylus_mandshurica_Maxim___ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.5650/jos.ess18132 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -