Blackout during meals: A case report of swallow syncope due to sinus arrest.J Cardiol Cases. 2014 Sep; 10(3):91-93.JC
A 79-year-old male, with a history of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), was referred to our cardiovascular department for a detailed examination of blackout caused by sinus arrest only during meals. Ultrasound echocardiography showed normal cardiac contraction with no asynergy, irrespective of the remaining stenotic coronary lesion. An electrophysiological study revealed deteriorated atrioventricular nodal conduction at a Wenckebach point of 70 beats per minute. However, sinus node function was normal as demonstrated by a sinus node recovery time of 1369 ms. Coronary angiography showed triple-vessel disease including the remaining stenotic coronary lesion, and a PCI was performed on the right coronary artery. Nevertheless, sinus arrest during meals was unchanged. Swallow syncope was partially improved by dietary modification; however, pacemaker implantation (PMI) was performed eventually, and the patient became asymptomatic after PMI. <Learning objective: Swallow syncope is a rare cause of syncope that belongs to the neurally mediated reflex syncopal syndromes, which can induce a variety of bradyarrhythmias: sinus bradycardia, sinus arrest, sinoatrial block, atrioventricular block, or atrial and ventricular asystole. In this case, we demonstrated that dietary modification or pacemaker implantation improved swallow syncope due to sinus arrest.>.