Optimizing the removal of nitrate from aqueous solutions via reduced graphite oxide-supported nZVI: synthesis, characterization, kinetics, and reduction mechanism.Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Feb; 26(4):3932-3945.ES
Graphene has been considered an ideal absorbent and excellent carrier for nanoparticles. Reduced graphite oxide (rGO)-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI@rGO) is an effective material for removing nitrate from water. nZVI@rGO nanocomposites were prepared by a liquid-phase reduction method and then applied for nitrate-nitrogen (NO3--N) removal in aqueous solution under anaerobic conditions. The experimental results showed that the stability and activity of the nZVI@rGO nanocomposites were enhanced compared with those of nZVI. The influence of the reaction conditions, including the initial concentration of NO3--N, coexisting anions, initial pH of the solution, and water temperature, on NO3--N removal was also investigated by batch experiments. In a neutral or slightly alkaline environment, 90% of NO3--N at a concentration less than 50 mg/L could be removed within 1 h, and nitrogen production was approximately 15%. The process of NO3--N removal by nZVI@rGO fits well with different reaction kinetics. In addition, magnetite was the main oxidation product. RGO-supported nZVI might become a promising filler in the permeable reactive barrier process for groundwater remediation.