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Selected Uncommon Legumes as a Source of Essential Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Tocotrienols, Sterols, Carotenoids, and Squalene.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2019 Mar; 74(1):91-98.PF

Abstract

The seeds of nine species belonging to the Fabaceae family (Cassia alata, Cassia uniflora, Cassia obtusifolia, Cassia tora, Crotalaria albida, Crotalaria juncea, Crotalaria pallida, Indigofera tinctoria, and Tephrosia purpurea) were studied. The oil yield ranged from 2.0 to 9.6% dw, in the seeds of I. tinctoria and T. purpurea, respectively. The unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) were the predominant group of fatty acids (41-74%) in the investigated samples. The sum of tocopherol homologues α and γ constituted 90-100% of total tocochromanols identified in each species. The β-sitosterol, campesterol, and Δ5-stigmasterol were the main sterols in most of the samples, however, in some of the seeds considerable levels of Δ5-avenasterol, Δ5,24-stigmastadienol, 24-ethylcholest-7-en-3beta-ol, and cycloartenol were also determined. Although the studied seeds were marked by relatively low yield of oil, the predomination of UFA, as well as relevant quantities of tocochromanols, carotenoids, sterols, and squalene (144.3-444.8, 4.1-43.1, 603.2-2590.2, and 0-88.1 mg/100 g oil, respectively), thus, the studied seeds can be considered as an alternative source of valuable ingredients for human nutrition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Horticulture, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Graudu 1, Dobele, LV-3701, Latvia. pawel.gornas@llu.lv.Department of Biochemistry and Food Analysis, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637, Poznan, Poland.Institute of Food Technology of Plant Origin, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 31, 60-624, Poznań, Poland.Institute of Food Technology of Plant Origin, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 31, 60-624, Poznań, Poland.School of Food Science and Engineering, Jilin Agricultural University, 2888 Xincheng Street, Changchun, 130118, Jilin, China.School of Studies in Chemistry/Environmental Science, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, CG, 492010, India.School of Studies in Chemistry/Environmental Science, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, CG, 492010, India.Institute of Horticulture, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Graudu 1, Dobele, LV-3701, Latvia.Institute of Horticulture, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Graudu 1, Dobele, LV-3701, Latvia.School of Studies in Chemistry/Environmental Science, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, CG, 492010, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30552561

Citation

Górnaś, Paweł, et al. "Selected Uncommon Legumes as a Source of Essential Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Tocotrienols, Sterols, Carotenoids, and Squalene." Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), vol. 74, no. 1, 2019, pp. 91-98.
Górnaś P, Czubinski J, Rudzińska M, et al. Selected Uncommon Legumes as a Source of Essential Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Tocotrienols, Sterols, Carotenoids, and Squalene. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2019;74(1):91-98.
Górnaś, P., Czubinski, J., Rudzińska, M., Grygier, A., Ying, Q., Chakradhari, S., Sahu, P. K., Mišina, I., Urvaka, E., & Patel, K. S. (2019). Selected Uncommon Legumes as a Source of Essential Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Tocotrienols, Sterols, Carotenoids, and Squalene. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 74(1), 91-98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-018-0706-x
Górnaś P, et al. Selected Uncommon Legumes as a Source of Essential Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Tocotrienols, Sterols, Carotenoids, and Squalene. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2019;74(1):91-98. PubMed PMID: 30552561.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Selected Uncommon Legumes as a Source of Essential Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Tocotrienols, Sterols, Carotenoids, and Squalene. AU - Górnaś,Paweł, AU - Czubinski,Jaroslaw, AU - Rudzińska,Magdalena, AU - Grygier,Anna, AU - Ying,Qian, AU - Chakradhari,Suryakant, AU - Sahu,Pravin Kumar, AU - Mišina,Inga, AU - Urvaka,Elise, AU - Patel,Khageshwar Singh, PY - 2018/12/16/pubmed PY - 2019/4/16/medline PY - 2018/12/16/entrez KW - Carotenoids KW - Fabaceae KW - Fatty acids KW - Phytosterols KW - Seed oils KW - Squalene KW - Tocopherols SP - 91 EP - 98 JF - Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands) JO - Plant Foods Hum Nutr VL - 74 IS - 1 N2 - The seeds of nine species belonging to the Fabaceae family (Cassia alata, Cassia uniflora, Cassia obtusifolia, Cassia tora, Crotalaria albida, Crotalaria juncea, Crotalaria pallida, Indigofera tinctoria, and Tephrosia purpurea) were studied. The oil yield ranged from 2.0 to 9.6% dw, in the seeds of I. tinctoria and T. purpurea, respectively. The unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) were the predominant group of fatty acids (41-74%) in the investigated samples. The sum of tocopherol homologues α and γ constituted 90-100% of total tocochromanols identified in each species. The β-sitosterol, campesterol, and Δ5-stigmasterol were the main sterols in most of the samples, however, in some of the seeds considerable levels of Δ5-avenasterol, Δ5,24-stigmastadienol, 24-ethylcholest-7-en-3beta-ol, and cycloartenol were also determined. Although the studied seeds were marked by relatively low yield of oil, the predomination of UFA, as well as relevant quantities of tocochromanols, carotenoids, sterols, and squalene (144.3-444.8, 4.1-43.1, 603.2-2590.2, and 0-88.1 mg/100 g oil, respectively), thus, the studied seeds can be considered as an alternative source of valuable ingredients for human nutrition. SN - 1573-9104 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30552561/Selected_Uncommon_Legumes_as_a_Source_of_Essential_Fatty_Acids_Tocopherols_Tocotrienols_Sterols_Carotenoids_and_Squalene_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -