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Frontal facial changes with the Fränkel appliance.
Angle Orthod 1988; 58(3):257-87AO

Abstract

A study of 50 cases treated with the Fränkel appliance shows significantly greater increase in bigonial width and related decrease in frontofacial taper as seen in the P-A cephalometric view than in comparable cases treated with Edgewise therapy or in untreated norms from the Bolton and FOR studies.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3056123

Citation

Owen, A H.. "Frontal Facial Changes With the Fränkel Appliance." The Angle Orthodontist, vol. 58, no. 3, 1988, pp. 257-87.
Owen AH. Frontal facial changes with the Fränkel appliance. Angle Orthod. 1988;58(3):257-87.
Owen, A. H. (1988). Frontal facial changes with the Fränkel appliance. The Angle Orthodontist, 58(3), pp. 257-87.
Owen AH. Frontal Facial Changes With the Fränkel Appliance. Angle Orthod. 1988;58(3):257-87. PubMed PMID: 3056123.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Frontal facial changes with the Fränkel appliance. A1 - Owen,A H,3rd PY - 1988/7/1/pubmed PY - 1988/7/1/medline PY - 1988/7/1/entrez SP - 257 EP - 87 JF - The Angle orthodontist JO - Angle Orthod VL - 58 IS - 3 N2 - A study of 50 cases treated with the Fränkel appliance shows significantly greater increase in bigonial width and related decrease in frontofacial taper as seen in the P-A cephalometric view than in comparable cases treated with Edgewise therapy or in untreated norms from the Bolton and FOR studies. SN - 0003-3219 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3056123/Frontal_facial_changes_with_the_Fränkel_appliance_ L2 - http://www.angle.org/doi/10.1043/0003-3219(1988)058<0257:FFCWTF>2.0.CO;2?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -