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Evolution of the S-Genomes in Triticum-Aegilops Alliance: Evidences From Chromosome Analysis.
Front Plant Sci. 2018; 9:1756.FP

Abstract

Five diploid Aegilops species of the Sitopsis section: Ae. speltoides, Ae. longissima, Ae. sharonensis, Ae. searsii, and Ae. bicornis, two tetraploid species Ae. peregrina (= Ae. variabilis) and Ae. kotschyi (Aegilops section) and hexaploid Ae. vavilovii (Vertebrata section) carry the S-genomes. The B- and G-genomes of polyploid wheat are also the derivatives of the S-genome. Evolution of the S-genome species was studied using Giemsa C-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with DNA probes representing 5S (pTa794) and 18S-5.8S-26S (pTa71) rDNAs as well as nine tandem repeats: pSc119.2, pAesp_SAT86, Spelt-1, Spelt-52, pAs1, pTa-535, and pTa-s53. To correlate the C-banding and FISH patterns we used the microsatellites (CTT)10 and (GTT)9, which are major components of the C-banding positive heterochromatin in wheat. According to the results obtained, diploid species split into two groups corresponding to Emarginata and Truncata sub-sections, which differ in the C-banding patterns, distribution of rDNA and other repeats. The B- and G-genomes of polyploid wheat are most closely related to the S-genome of Ae. speltoides. The genomes of allopolyploid wheat have been evolved as a result of different species-specific chromosome translocations, sequence amplification, elimination and re-patterning of repetitive DNA sequences. These events occurred independently in different wheat species and in Ae. speltoides . The 5S rDNA locus of chromosome 1S was probably lost in ancient Ae. speltoides prior to formation of Timopheevii wheat, but after the emergence of ancient emmer. Evolution of Emarginata species was associated with an increase of C-banding and (CTT)10-positive heterochromatin, amplification of Spelt-52, re-pattering of the pAesp_SAT86, and a gradual decrease in the amount of the D-genome-specific repeats pAs1, pTa-535, and pTa-s53. The emergence of Ae. peregrina and Ae. kotschyi did not lead to significant changes of the S*-genomes. However, partial elimination of 45S rDNA repeats from 5S* and 6S* chromosomes and alterations of C-banding and FISH-patterns have been detected. Similarity of the Sv-genome of Ae. vavilovii with the Ss genome of diploid Ae. searsii confirmed the origin of this hexaploid. A model of the S-genome evolution is suggested.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Chromosome Structure and Function, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, Germany.Laboratory of Genetic Basis of Plant Identification, Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. Laboratory of Molecular Karyology, Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30564254

Citation

Ruban, Alevtina S., and Ekaterina D. Badaeva. "Evolution of the S-Genomes in Triticum-Aegilops Alliance: Evidences From Chromosome Analysis." Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 9, 2018, p. 1756.
Ruban AS, Badaeva ED. Evolution of the S-Genomes in Triticum-Aegilops Alliance: Evidences From Chromosome Analysis. Frontiers in plant science. 2018;9:1756.
Ruban, A. S., & Badaeva, E. D. (2018). Evolution of the S-Genomes in Triticum-Aegilops Alliance: Evidences From Chromosome Analysis. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, 1756. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01756
Ruban AS, Badaeva ED. Evolution of the S-Genomes in Triticum-Aegilops Alliance: Evidences From Chromosome Analysis. Frontiers in plant science. 2018;9:1756. PubMed PMID: 30564254.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evolution of the S-Genomes in Triticum-Aegilops Alliance: Evidences From Chromosome Analysis. AU - Ruban,Alevtina S, AU - Badaeva,Ekaterina D, Y1 - 2018/12/04/ PY - 2018/07/30/received PY - 2018/11/12/accepted PY - 2018/12/20/entrez PY - 2018/12/20/pubmed PY - 2018/12/20/medline KW - Aegilops KW - C-banding KW - FISH KW - S*-genome of other Aegilops species KW - S-genome of Ae. speltoides KW - chromosome KW - karyotype evolution KW - wheat SP - 1756 EP - 1756 JF - Frontiers in plant science VL - 9 N2 - Five diploid Aegilops species of the Sitopsis section: Ae. speltoides, Ae. longissima, Ae. sharonensis, Ae. searsii, and Ae. bicornis, two tetraploid species Ae. peregrina (= Ae. variabilis) and Ae. kotschyi (Aegilops section) and hexaploid Ae. vavilovii (Vertebrata section) carry the S-genomes. The B- and G-genomes of polyploid wheat are also the derivatives of the S-genome. Evolution of the S-genome species was studied using Giemsa C-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with DNA probes representing 5S (pTa794) and 18S-5.8S-26S (pTa71) rDNAs as well as nine tandem repeats: pSc119.2, pAesp_SAT86, Spelt-1, Spelt-52, pAs1, pTa-535, and pTa-s53. To correlate the C-banding and FISH patterns we used the microsatellites (CTT)10 and (GTT)9, which are major components of the C-banding positive heterochromatin in wheat. According to the results obtained, diploid species split into two groups corresponding to Emarginata and Truncata sub-sections, which differ in the C-banding patterns, distribution of rDNA and other repeats. The B- and G-genomes of polyploid wheat are most closely related to the S-genome of Ae. speltoides. The genomes of allopolyploid wheat have been evolved as a result of different species-specific chromosome translocations, sequence amplification, elimination and re-patterning of repetitive DNA sequences. These events occurred independently in different wheat species and in Ae. speltoides . The 5S rDNA locus of chromosome 1S was probably lost in ancient Ae. speltoides prior to formation of Timopheevii wheat, but after the emergence of ancient emmer. Evolution of Emarginata species was associated with an increase of C-banding and (CTT)10-positive heterochromatin, amplification of Spelt-52, re-pattering of the pAesp_SAT86, and a gradual decrease in the amount of the D-genome-specific repeats pAs1, pTa-535, and pTa-s53. The emergence of Ae. peregrina and Ae. kotschyi did not lead to significant changes of the S*-genomes. However, partial elimination of 45S rDNA repeats from 5S* and 6S* chromosomes and alterations of C-banding and FISH-patterns have been detected. Similarity of the Sv-genome of Ae. vavilovii with the Ss genome of diploid Ae. searsii confirmed the origin of this hexaploid. A model of the S-genome evolution is suggested. SN - 1664-462X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30564254/Evolution_of_the_S_Genomes_in_Triticum_Aegilops_Alliance:_Evidences_From_Chromosome_Analysis_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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