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The Effects of a Synbiotic Mixture of Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Bacillus Strains in Caspian Salmon, Salmo trutta caspius Fingerlings.
Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019 12; 11(4):1300-1308.PA

Abstract

The effect of dietary supplementation with a synbiotic mixture of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) and Bacillus spp. was examined in Caspian salmon, Salmo trutta caspius (Kessler, 1877) fingerlings. Caspian salmon fed with the synbiotic diet had significantly higher weight gain rate, protein efficiency ratio, and survival rate, as well as lower feed conversion ratio, compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The serum protein, albumin, globulin, and lactate dehydrogenase levels of the fish fed with the synbiotic diet were significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05), while the serum alkaline phosphatase levels were significantly lower (P < 0.05). The activities of the innate immune response parameters, including lysozyme, superoxide dismutase, and catalase were significantly higher in the Caspian salmon fed with the synbiotic diet (P < 0.05). The gut microbiota of the Caspian salmon fed with the synbiotic diet contained significantly elevated total viable aerobic bacterial counts (TVABCs), lactic acid bacteria (LAB) levels, and LAB/TVABCs ratio (P < 0.05). Additionally, the gut activities of amylase, trypsin, and chymotrypsin in the gut, as well as the trypsin/chymotrypsin ratio, were significantly increased in the fish that received the synbiotic diet (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the combined GOS and Bacillus spp. supplement positively affected the growth, survival rate, immunobiochemical parameters, digestive activity, and beneficial microbial density in the gut of Caspian salmon fingerlings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, College of Natural Resources, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box: 79159-1311, Bandar Abbas, Iran. maryam.aftabgard@yahoo.com.Department of Fisheries, College of Natural Resources, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box: 79159-1311, Bandar Abbas, Iran.Coldwater Fishes Research Center (CFRC), Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), P.O.Box: 46815-467, Tonekabon, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30565160

Citation

Aftabgard, Maryam, et al. "The Effects of a Synbiotic Mixture of Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Bacillus Strains in Caspian Salmon, Salmo Trutta Caspius Fingerlings." Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, vol. 11, no. 4, 2019, pp. 1300-1308.
Aftabgard M, Salarzadeh A, Mohseni M. The Effects of a Synbiotic Mixture of Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Bacillus Strains in Caspian Salmon, Salmo trutta caspius Fingerlings. Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019;11(4):1300-1308.
Aftabgard, M., Salarzadeh, A., & Mohseni, M. (2019). The Effects of a Synbiotic Mixture of Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Bacillus Strains in Caspian Salmon, Salmo trutta caspius Fingerlings. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, 11(4), 1300-1308. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12602-018-9498-4
Aftabgard M, Salarzadeh A, Mohseni M. The Effects of a Synbiotic Mixture of Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Bacillus Strains in Caspian Salmon, Salmo Trutta Caspius Fingerlings. Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019;11(4):1300-1308. PubMed PMID: 30565160.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Effects of a Synbiotic Mixture of Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Bacillus Strains in Caspian Salmon, Salmo trutta caspius Fingerlings. AU - Aftabgard,Maryam, AU - Salarzadeh,Alireza, AU - Mohseni,Mahmoud, PY - 2018/12/20/pubmed PY - 2020/7/3/medline PY - 2018/12/20/entrez KW - Bacillus spp. KW - Caspian salmon KW - Digestive enzymes KW - Galacto-oligosaccharides KW - Gut lactic acid bacteria KW - Innate immunity SP - 1300 EP - 1308 JF - Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins JO - Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - The effect of dietary supplementation with a synbiotic mixture of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) and Bacillus spp. was examined in Caspian salmon, Salmo trutta caspius (Kessler, 1877) fingerlings. Caspian salmon fed with the synbiotic diet had significantly higher weight gain rate, protein efficiency ratio, and survival rate, as well as lower feed conversion ratio, compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The serum protein, albumin, globulin, and lactate dehydrogenase levels of the fish fed with the synbiotic diet were significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05), while the serum alkaline phosphatase levels were significantly lower (P < 0.05). The activities of the innate immune response parameters, including lysozyme, superoxide dismutase, and catalase were significantly higher in the Caspian salmon fed with the synbiotic diet (P < 0.05). The gut microbiota of the Caspian salmon fed with the synbiotic diet contained significantly elevated total viable aerobic bacterial counts (TVABCs), lactic acid bacteria (LAB) levels, and LAB/TVABCs ratio (P < 0.05). Additionally, the gut activities of amylase, trypsin, and chymotrypsin in the gut, as well as the trypsin/chymotrypsin ratio, were significantly increased in the fish that received the synbiotic diet (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the combined GOS and Bacillus spp. supplement positively affected the growth, survival rate, immunobiochemical parameters, digestive activity, and beneficial microbial density in the gut of Caspian salmon fingerlings. SN - 1867-1314 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30565160/The_Effects_of_a_Synbiotic_Mixture_of_Galacto_Oligosaccharides_and_Bacillus_Strains_in_Caspian_Salmon_Salmo_trutta_caspius_Fingerlings_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12602-018-9498-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -