Mitigating Infant Medical Trauma in the NICU: Skin-to-Skin Contact as a Trauma-Informed, Age-Appropriate Best Practice.Neonatal Netw. 2018 Nov; 37(6):343-350.NN
Infant medical trauma in the NICU is associated with serious and lasting consequences. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) of infants with their parents is a nursing intervention that provides significant benefits and can mitigate the negative consequences of the infant's traumatic experiences in the NICU. The purpose of this article is to explain how SSC aligns with the concept of trauma-informed age-appropriate care (TIAAC) in the NICU. The evidence supporting SSC will be reviewed and discussed using TIAAC as a framework. SSC is an effective and evidence-based care strategy that reduces the infant's traumatic NICU experiences by improving parental proximity, attachment, and lactation; decreasing stress and pain; improving physiologic stability; supporting sleep; and enhancing neurologic outcomes.