Immunohistochemical study of the local humoral immune system of the equine respiratory mucosa.Res Vet Sci. 1988 Sep; 45(2):160-5.RV
An indirect immunoperoxidase technique was used to demonstrate both free immunoglobulin and immunoglobulin-containing plasma cells of IgG, IgA, and IgM classes in the mucosa of the equine respiratory tract. IgA-producing plasma cells predominated in the upper airways, whereas IgG-producing cells predominated in the lower respiratory tract. IgM-secreting cells were uncommon, but present in their highest numbers in the nasopharynx. Plasma cells specific for all of the immunoglobulin classes were identified in the surface epithelium, lamina propria connective tissue, glandular tissue and organised lymphoid tissue. The surface epithelium stained strongly for free IgA and IgM, but weakly for IgG, whereas glandular cells and the lamina propria connective tissue stained most strongly for IgG.