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Effects of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Products on the Microbial Community throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Calves.
Animals (Basel) 2018; 9(1)A

Abstract

The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation products (SCFP) on improving growth and health of calves could be attributed to the ability of SCFP to modulate the microbiota in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). However, the changes in microbial community along the gut in calves supplemented with SCFP have not been investigated extensively. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of SCFP on microbial communities in each sites of GIT using high-throughput sequencing technique. Fifteen Holstein male calves were used and randomly assigned to 1 of the 3 treatments including a calf starter containing 0 (Control, CON), 0.5 (SCFP1) or 1% SCFP (SCFP2, Original XPC, Diamond V, Cedar Rapids, IA, USA) of dry matter from day 4 to 56. The supplemented calves were fed with an additional 1 g/d SCFP (SmartCare, Diamond V, Cedar Rapids, IA, USA) in milk from day 2 to 30. Rumen fluid was sampled at day 28 of age via esophageal tube. All calves were slaughtered and gastrointestinal samples collected on day 56. Inclusion of SCFP increased the microbial species richness in the large intestine. The SCFP also affected the bacterial community at an early age in the rumen and later in rectum microbiota. Supplementation of SCFP stimulated colonization by fibrolytic bacteria (Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae) in rumen and large intestine, respectively. No differences were found between SCFP1 and SCFP2. This is the first study to analyze the effect of SCFP on bacterial community of the GIT microbiota in calves. The results provide the basic bacterial community information, which helps us understand the mechanism of action of SCFP for improving the health and performance of pre-weaning calf.

Authors+Show Affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. caozhijun@cau.edu.cn.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. dairyxiao@gmail.com.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. maswayi@yahoo.com.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. jishoukun@163.com.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. wzh07128@163.com.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. zhaoddr@163.com.State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. lisheng0677@163.com.Diamond V Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA. iyoon@diamondv.com.Diamond V Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA. rchung@diamondv.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30577678

Citation

Cao, Zhijun, et al. "Effects of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Products On the Microbial Community Throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Calves." Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI, vol. 9, no. 1, 2018.
Cao Z, Xiao J, Alugongo GM, et al. Effects of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Products on the Microbial Community throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Calves. Animals (Basel). 2018;9(1).
Cao, Z., Xiao, J., Alugongo, G. M., Ji, S., Wu, Z., Dong, S., ... Chung, R. (2018). Effects of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Products on the Microbial Community throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Calves. Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI, 9(1), doi:10.3390/ani9010004.
Cao Z, et al. Effects of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Products On the Microbial Community Throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Calves. Animals (Basel). 2018 Dec 21;9(1) PubMed PMID: 30577678.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Products on the Microbial Community throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Calves. AU - Cao,Zhijun, AU - Xiao,Jianxin, AU - Alugongo,Gibson M, AU - Ji,Shoukun, AU - Wu,Zhaohai, AU - Dong,Shuangzhao, AU - Li,Shengi, AU - Yoon,Ilkyu, AU - Chung,Ruby, Y1 - 2018/12/21/ PY - 2018/10/15/received PY - 2018/12/01/revised PY - 2018/12/13/accepted PY - 2018/12/23/entrez PY - 2018/12/24/pubmed PY - 2018/12/24/medline KW - Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product KW - bacterial community KW - calf KW - species richness JF - Animals : an open access journal from MDPI JO - Animals (Basel) VL - 9 IS - 1 N2 - The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation products (SCFP) on improving growth and health of calves could be attributed to the ability of SCFP to modulate the microbiota in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). However, the changes in microbial community along the gut in calves supplemented with SCFP have not been investigated extensively. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of SCFP on microbial communities in each sites of GIT using high-throughput sequencing technique. Fifteen Holstein male calves were used and randomly assigned to 1 of the 3 treatments including a calf starter containing 0 (Control, CON), 0.5 (SCFP1) or 1% SCFP (SCFP2, Original XPC, Diamond V, Cedar Rapids, IA, USA) of dry matter from day 4 to 56. The supplemented calves were fed with an additional 1 g/d SCFP (SmartCare, Diamond V, Cedar Rapids, IA, USA) in milk from day 2 to 30. Rumen fluid was sampled at day 28 of age via esophageal tube. All calves were slaughtered and gastrointestinal samples collected on day 56. Inclusion of SCFP increased the microbial species richness in the large intestine. The SCFP also affected the bacterial community at an early age in the rumen and later in rectum microbiota. Supplementation of SCFP stimulated colonization by fibrolytic bacteria (Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae) in rumen and large intestine, respectively. No differences were found between SCFP1 and SCFP2. This is the first study to analyze the effect of SCFP on bacterial community of the GIT microbiota in calves. The results provide the basic bacterial community information, which helps us understand the mechanism of action of SCFP for improving the health and performance of pre-weaning calf. SN - 2076-2615 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30577678/Effects_of_Saccharomyces_Cerevisiae_Fermentation_Products_on_the_Microbial_Community_throughout_the_Gastrointestinal_Tract_of_Calves_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ani9010004 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -