Voice outcomes following medialization laryngoplasty with and without arytenoid adduction.Laryngoscope. 2019 08; 129(8):1876-1881.L
Voice outcomes following medialization laryngoplasty (ML) for unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) were compared to those who underwent ML plus arytenoid adduction (AA) (ML+AA).
Single institution retrospective review of patients with UVFP undergoing ML and ML+AA (2009-2017). Demographic information and history of laryngeal procedures were collected. Preoperative and postoperative Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and Consensus Perceptual Auditory Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V) were assessed.
Of 236 patients, 119 met study criteria. Of those, 70 (59%) underwent ML and 49 (41%) underwent ML+AA. Significant differences between groups at baseline were found for age at time of thyroplasty (P = 0.046), VHI-10 scores (P < 0.001), and CAPE-V scores (P = 0.007). Baseline VHI-10 scores for ML+AA (28 ± 7) were greater than those for ML alone (24 ± 7). At 12 months, overall VHI-10 scores improved compared to baseline for both groups (ML+AA = 9 ± 7, ML = 16 ± 9); however, there was greater improvement for the ML+AA group compared to ML group (P = 0.001). CAPE-V scores at 3 or 12 months improved, but differences between the groups were not statistically significant once controlled for covariates.
Based on current findings, patients who undergo ML+AA likely have greater voice handicap at baseline compared to those undergoing ML alone. Patients selected for ML+AA improve as much or more than those who underwent ML alone. This highlights the importance of appropriate selection of candidates for AA.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
4 Laryngoscope, 129:1876-1881, 2019.