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Health Status of Female and Male Vegetarian and Vegan Endurance Runners Compared to Omnivores-Results from the NURMI Study (Step 2).
Nutrients. 2018 Dec 22; 11(1)N

Abstract

Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets are well known. However, data is sparse in terms of their appropriateness for the special nutritional demands of endurance runners. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the health status of vegetarian (VER) and vegan endurance runners (VGR) and compare it to omnivorous endurance runners (OR). A total of 245 female and male recreational runners completed an online survey. Health status was assessed by measuring health-related indicators (body weight, mental health, chronic diseases, and hypersensitivity reactions, medication intake) and health-related behavior (smoking habits, supplement intake, food choice, healthcare utilization). Data analysis was performed by using non-parametric ANOVA and MANOVA. There were 109 OR, 45 VER and 91 VGR. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were determined for the following findings: (i) body weight for VER and VGR was less than for OR, (ii) VGR had highest food choice scores, and (iii) VGR reported the lowest prevalences of allergies. There was no association (p > 0.05) between diet and mental health, medication intake, smoking habits, supplement intake, and healthcare utilization. These findings support the notion that adhering to vegetarian kinds of diet, in particular to a vegan diet, is associated with a good health status and, thus, at least an equal alternative to an omnivorous diet for endurance runners.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Research and Knowledge Management, Pedagogical University Tyrol, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. info@nurmi-study.com. Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. info@nurmi-study.com.Faculty of Medicine, University of Gieβen, 35390 Gieβen, Germany. paboldt@aol.com.ITEG, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. christoph.lechleitner@iteg.at.AdventureV & change2V, 6135 Stans, Austria. gerold@wirnitzer.at.Institute of Nutrition, University of Gieβen, 35390 Gieβen, Germany. claus@leitzmann-giessen.de.Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland. thomas.rosemann@usz.ch.Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland. beat.knechtle@hispeed.ch.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30583521

Citation

Wirnitzer, Katharina, et al. "Health Status of Female and Male Vegetarian and Vegan Endurance Runners Compared to Omnivores-Results From the NURMI Study (Step 2)." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 1, 2018.
Wirnitzer K, Boldt P, Lechleitner C, et al. Health Status of Female and Male Vegetarian and Vegan Endurance Runners Compared to Omnivores-Results from the NURMI Study (Step 2). Nutrients. 2018;11(1).
Wirnitzer, K., Boldt, P., Lechleitner, C., Wirnitzer, G., Leitzmann, C., Rosemann, T., & Knechtle, B. (2018). Health Status of Female and Male Vegetarian and Vegan Endurance Runners Compared to Omnivores-Results from the NURMI Study (Step 2). Nutrients, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010029
Wirnitzer K, et al. Health Status of Female and Male Vegetarian and Vegan Endurance Runners Compared to Omnivores-Results From the NURMI Study (Step 2). Nutrients. 2018 Dec 22;11(1) PubMed PMID: 30583521.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Health Status of Female and Male Vegetarian and Vegan Endurance Runners Compared to Omnivores-Results from the NURMI Study (Step 2). AU - Wirnitzer,Katharina, AU - Boldt,Patrick, AU - Lechleitner,Christoph, AU - Wirnitzer,Gerold, AU - Leitzmann,Claus, AU - Rosemann,Thomas, AU - Knechtle,Beat, Y1 - 2018/12/22/ PY - 2018/11/15/received PY - 2018/12/14/revised PY - 2018/12/20/accepted PY - 2018/12/26/entrez PY - 2018/12/26/pubmed PY - 2019/2/5/medline KW - half-marathon KW - health conscious KW - marathon KW - recreational athlete KW - running KW - vegan KW - vegetarian JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets are well known. However, data is sparse in terms of their appropriateness for the special nutritional demands of endurance runners. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the health status of vegetarian (VER) and vegan endurance runners (VGR) and compare it to omnivorous endurance runners (OR). A total of 245 female and male recreational runners completed an online survey. Health status was assessed by measuring health-related indicators (body weight, mental health, chronic diseases, and hypersensitivity reactions, medication intake) and health-related behavior (smoking habits, supplement intake, food choice, healthcare utilization). Data analysis was performed by using non-parametric ANOVA and MANOVA. There were 109 OR, 45 VER and 91 VGR. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were determined for the following findings: (i) body weight for VER and VGR was less than for OR, (ii) VGR had highest food choice scores, and (iii) VGR reported the lowest prevalences of allergies. There was no association (p > 0.05) between diet and mental health, medication intake, smoking habits, supplement intake, and healthcare utilization. These findings support the notion that adhering to vegetarian kinds of diet, in particular to a vegan diet, is associated with a good health status and, thus, at least an equal alternative to an omnivorous diet for endurance runners. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30583521/Health_Status_of_Female_and_Male_Vegetarian_and_Vegan_Endurance_Runners_Compared_to_Omnivores_Results_from_the_NURMI_Study__Step_2__ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11010029 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -