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Psychological problems and quality of life of patients with oral mucosal diseases: a preliminary study in Chinese population.
BMC Oral Health. 2018 12 27; 18(1):226.BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Psychological problems might play important roles in oral mucosal diseases such as recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU), oral lichen planus (OLP), burning mouth syndrome (BMS), but the relevance to patients' quality of life remained controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychological problems and oral health-related quality of life in patients with RAU, OLP, and BMS in China, to assess the relationship between psychological problems and quality of life.

METHOD

Thirty-nine RAU patients, 45 OLP patients, 15 BMS patients and 45 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were chosen to analyze the patients' psychological problems. Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to measure the OHRQoL. The scores of HADS and OHIP-14 were used to analyze the relationship between psychological problems and the quality of life of oral mucosa patients.

RESULTS

Each of OHIP-14 scores and HADS scores in RAU, OLP, BMS was higher than the control group, and there was significant difference in the patients groups with the control cases(P < 0.05). OHIP-14 score of RAU was the highest in three patient groups. Its OHRQoL was lowest in the three groups, which had statistical significance (P < 0.05). Positive correlations existed between the psychological problems and the quality of life of the three patient groups (rs > 0, P < 0.05), except for the depression of the BMS group (rs = 0.168, P = 0.395).

CONCLUSION

Patients with oral mucosal diseases such as RAU, OLP, and BMS had higher levels of anxiety, depression, and lower quality of life. The patient's psychological problems were related to their quality of life, suggesting that the psychological state of patients with oral mucosal disease need more attention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of General Dentistry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 Jianshe East Road, Zhengzhou City, China.Department of General Dentistry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 Jianshe East Road, Zhengzhou City, China.Department of General Dentistry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 Jianshe East Road, Zhengzhou City, China.Department of General Dentistry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 Jianshe East Road, Zhengzhou City, China. zhyy143@126.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30587180

Citation

Yang, Chao, et al. "Psychological Problems and Quality of Life of Patients With Oral Mucosal Diseases: a Preliminary Study in Chinese Population." BMC Oral Health, vol. 18, no. 1, 2018, p. 226.
Yang C, Liu L, Shi H, et al. Psychological problems and quality of life of patients with oral mucosal diseases: a preliminary study in Chinese population. BMC Oral Health. 2018;18(1):226.
Yang, C., Liu, L., Shi, H., & Zhang, Y. (2018). Psychological problems and quality of life of patients with oral mucosal diseases: a preliminary study in Chinese population. BMC Oral Health, 18(1), 226. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-018-0696-y
Yang C, et al. Psychological Problems and Quality of Life of Patients With Oral Mucosal Diseases: a Preliminary Study in Chinese Population. BMC Oral Health. 2018 12 27;18(1):226. PubMed PMID: 30587180.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological problems and quality of life of patients with oral mucosal diseases: a preliminary study in Chinese population. AU - Yang,Chao, AU - Liu,Lina, AU - Shi,Huijie, AU - Zhang,Yuanyuan, Y1 - 2018/12/27/ PY - 2017/10/31/received PY - 2018/12/18/accepted PY - 2018/12/28/entrez PY - 2018/12/28/pubmed PY - 2019/10/8/medline KW - Burning mouth syndrome KW - Oral health-related quality of life KW - Oral lichen planus KW - Psychological problems KW - Recurrent aphthous ulcers SP - 226 EP - 226 JF - BMC oral health JO - BMC Oral Health VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Psychological problems might play important roles in oral mucosal diseases such as recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU), oral lichen planus (OLP), burning mouth syndrome (BMS), but the relevance to patients' quality of life remained controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychological problems and oral health-related quality of life in patients with RAU, OLP, and BMS in China, to assess the relationship between psychological problems and quality of life. METHOD: Thirty-nine RAU patients, 45 OLP patients, 15 BMS patients and 45 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were chosen to analyze the patients' psychological problems. Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to measure the OHRQoL. The scores of HADS and OHIP-14 were used to analyze the relationship between psychological problems and the quality of life of oral mucosa patients. RESULTS: Each of OHIP-14 scores and HADS scores in RAU, OLP, BMS was higher than the control group, and there was significant difference in the patients groups with the control cases(P < 0.05). OHIP-14 score of RAU was the highest in three patient groups. Its OHRQoL was lowest in the three groups, which had statistical significance (P < 0.05). Positive correlations existed between the psychological problems and the quality of life of the three patient groups (rs > 0, P < 0.05), except for the depression of the BMS group (rs = 0.168, P = 0.395). CONCLUSION: Patients with oral mucosal diseases such as RAU, OLP, and BMS had higher levels of anxiety, depression, and lower quality of life. The patient's psychological problems were related to their quality of life, suggesting that the psychological state of patients with oral mucosal disease need more attention. SN - 1472-6831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30587180/Psychological_problems_and_quality_of_life_of_patients_with_oral_mucosal_diseases:_a_preliminary_study_in_Chinese_population_ L2 - https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-018-0696-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -