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Dental caries and oral hygiene status: Survey of schoolchildren in rural communities, Southwest Nigeria.
Niger Postgrad Med J. 2018 Oct-Dec; 25(4):239-245.NP

Abstract

Purpose

Dental caries and poor oral hygiene cause pain and have an effect on activities of children such as playing, sleeping, eating and school attendance. Previous studies on the prevalence of dental caries and poor oral hygiene have focused more on urban than rural communities in the developing countries. The objective of the study was to assess dental caries and oral hygiene status of schoolchildren in rural communities.

Materials and Methods

It was a cross-sectional study involving 778 schoolchildren from 12 public primary schools. A pre-tested, semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographics and oral health practice. Dental caries was assessed using the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index and oral hygiene status by the simplified oral hygiene and gingival indices.

Results

The mean age of the children was 11.0 ± 1.8 years, and the prevalence of dental caries was 12.2% with a mean DMFT/dmft of 0.2 ± 0.7. Children aged 10-12 years were 3 times more likely to have caries on ≥1 tooth (P = 0.01, confidence interval = 1.3-6.7). Herbal remedies were more often (35.3%) used to manage dental problems. The mean simplified oral hygiene and gingival indices were 1.7 ± 0.9 and 1.1 ± 0.5, respectively.

Conclusion

The occurrence of dental caries appears to be increasing in rural Nigerian schoolchildren, but still within WHO limits. Oral hygiene status was poor and gingivitis was common.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Dentistry, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.Department of Oral Pathology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30588945

Citation

Akinyamoju, Clara Arianta, et al. "Dental Caries and Oral Hygiene Status: Survey of Schoolchildren in Rural Communities, Southwest Nigeria." The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 25, no. 4, 2018, pp. 239-245.
Akinyamoju CA, Dairo DM, Adeoye IA, et al. Dental caries and oral hygiene status: Survey of schoolchildren in rural communities, Southwest Nigeria. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2018;25(4):239-245.
Akinyamoju, C. A., Dairo, D. M., Adeoye, I. A., & Akinyamoju, A. O. (2018). Dental caries and oral hygiene status: Survey of schoolchildren in rural communities, Southwest Nigeria. The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 25(4), 239-245. https://doi.org/10.4103/npmj.npmj_138_18
Akinyamoju CA, et al. Dental Caries and Oral Hygiene Status: Survey of Schoolchildren in Rural Communities, Southwest Nigeria. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2018 Oct-Dec;25(4):239-245. PubMed PMID: 30588945.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dental caries and oral hygiene status: Survey of schoolchildren in rural communities, Southwest Nigeria. AU - Akinyamoju,Clara Arianta, AU - Dairo,David Magbagbeola, AU - Adeoye,Ikeola Adejoke, AU - Akinyamoju,Akindayo Olufunto, PY - 2018/12/28/entrez PY - 2018/12/28/pubmed PY - 2019/5/21/medline KW - Oral health KW - rural KW - schoolchildren SP - 239 EP - 245 JF - The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal JO - Niger Postgrad Med J VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - Purpose: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene cause pain and have an effect on activities of children such as playing, sleeping, eating and school attendance. Previous studies on the prevalence of dental caries and poor oral hygiene have focused more on urban than rural communities in the developing countries. The objective of the study was to assess dental caries and oral hygiene status of schoolchildren in rural communities. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study involving 778 schoolchildren from 12 public primary schools. A pre-tested, semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographics and oral health practice. Dental caries was assessed using the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index and oral hygiene status by the simplified oral hygiene and gingival indices. Results: The mean age of the children was 11.0 ± 1.8 years, and the prevalence of dental caries was 12.2% with a mean DMFT/dmft of 0.2 ± 0.7. Children aged 10-12 years were 3 times more likely to have caries on ≥1 tooth (P = 0.01, confidence interval = 1.3-6.7). Herbal remedies were more often (35.3%) used to manage dental problems. The mean simplified oral hygiene and gingival indices were 1.7 ± 0.9 and 1.1 ± 0.5, respectively. Conclusion: The occurrence of dental caries appears to be increasing in rural Nigerian schoolchildren, but still within WHO limits. Oral hygiene status was poor and gingivitis was common. SN - 1117-1936 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30588945/Dental_caries_and_oral_hygiene_status:_Survey_of_schoolchildren_in_rural_communities_Southwest_Nigeria_ L2 - http://www.npmj.org/article.asp?issn=1117-1936;year=2018;volume=25;issue=4;spage=239;epage=245;aulast=Akinyamoju DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -