Accurate measurement of extended half-life and unmodified factor VIII low levels with one-stage FVIII assays is dependent on the matrix of calibration curves.Haemophilia. 2019 Jan; 25(1):e19-e26.H
The monitoring of factor VIII (FVIII) replacement therapy relies on the accurate measurement of FVIII activity over a large concentration range. However, unexplained overestimation of low FVIII levels has recently been reported with extended half-life recombinant FVIIIs.
The objective of this study was to confirm previous publications indicating that the reagents used to generate the calibration curves determine the accuracy of the measurement of low FVIII levels.
We generated FVIII calibration curves with FVIII-deficient plasmas or a commercial diluent buffer. We then measured FVIII levels in FVIII-deficient plasma spiked with plasma FVIII, a full-length recombinant FVIII (Advate® , Shire, Brussels, Belgium) and two extended half-life recombinant FVIIIs (Elocta® , Swedish Orphan Biovitrum, Woluwe Saint-Lambert, Belgium and Afstyla® , CSL Behring, Mechelen, Belgium). FVIII levels were also analyzed in spiked samples prediluted two- and fourfold, either in diluent buffer or in FVIII-deficient plasma to evaluate parallelism.
Coagulation times of calibration curves generated with diluent buffer were longer than those with FVIII-deficient plasmas. This resulted in an overestimation of FVIII levels lower than 25 IU/dL in spiked samples and in detection of FVIII activity (≥1 IU/dL) in FVIII-deficient plasma. Predilution of samples with diluent buffer rather than with FVIII-deficient plasma also led to discordant results.
Our data confirm that the generation of calibration curves by dilution in FVIII-deficient plasma is crucial for the accurate measurement of low FVIII levels. When serial dilutions of samples are analyzed, predilution in FVIII-deficient plasma is required to respect the parallelism criteria. These methods should be more generally implemented for coagulation instruments.