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Stretchable Conductive Polymers and Composites Based on PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS.
Adv Mater. 2019 Mar; 31(10):e1806133.AM

Abstract

The conductive polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), and especially its complex with poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), is perhaps the most well-known example of an organic conductor. It is highly conductive, largely transmissive to light, processible in water, and highly flexible. Much recent work on this ubiquitous material has been devoted to increasing its deformability beyond flexibility-a characteristic possessed by any material that is sufficiently thin-toward stretchability, a characteristic that requires engineering of the structure at the molecular- or nanoscale. Stretchability is the enabling characteristic of a range of applications envisioned for PEDOT in energy and healthcare, such as wearable, implantable, and large-area electronic devices. High degrees of mechanical deformability allow intimate contact with biological tissues and solution-processable printing techniques (e.g., roll-to-roll printing). PEDOT:PSS, however, is only stretchable up to around 10%. Here, the strategies that have been reported to enhance the stretchability of conductive polymers and composites based on PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS are highlighted. These strategies include blending with plasticizers or polymers, deposition on elastomers, formation of fibers and gels, and the use of intrinsically stretchable scaffolds for the polymerization of PEDOT.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of NanoEngineering, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, Mail Code 0448, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0448, USA.Department of NanoEngineering, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, Mail Code 0448, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0448, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30600559

Citation

Kayser, Laure V., and Darren J. Lipomi. "Stretchable Conductive Polymers and Composites Based On PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS." Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), vol. 31, no. 10, 2019, pp. e1806133.
Kayser LV, Lipomi DJ. Stretchable Conductive Polymers and Composites Based on PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS. Adv Mater Weinheim. 2019;31(10):e1806133.
Kayser, L. V., & Lipomi, D. J. (2019). Stretchable Conductive Polymers and Composites Based on PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 31(10), e1806133. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201806133
Kayser LV, Lipomi DJ. Stretchable Conductive Polymers and Composites Based On PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS. Adv Mater Weinheim. 2019;31(10):e1806133. PubMed PMID: 30600559.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Stretchable Conductive Polymers and Composites Based on PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS. AU - Kayser,Laure V, AU - Lipomi,Darren J, Y1 - 2019/01/02/ PY - 2018/09/20/received PY - 2018/10/23/revised PY - 2020/03/01/pmc-release PY - 2019/1/3/pubmed PY - 2019/11/28/medline PY - 2019/1/3/entrez KW - PEDOT:PSS KW - bioelectronics KW - conductive hydrogels KW - conductive textiles KW - stretchable electronics SP - e1806133 EP - e1806133 JF - Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.) JO - Adv. Mater. Weinheim VL - 31 IS - 10 N2 - The conductive polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), and especially its complex with poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), is perhaps the most well-known example of an organic conductor. It is highly conductive, largely transmissive to light, processible in water, and highly flexible. Much recent work on this ubiquitous material has been devoted to increasing its deformability beyond flexibility-a characteristic possessed by any material that is sufficiently thin-toward stretchability, a characteristic that requires engineering of the structure at the molecular- or nanoscale. Stretchability is the enabling characteristic of a range of applications envisioned for PEDOT in energy and healthcare, such as wearable, implantable, and large-area electronic devices. High degrees of mechanical deformability allow intimate contact with biological tissues and solution-processable printing techniques (e.g., roll-to-roll printing). PEDOT:PSS, however, is only stretchable up to around 10%. Here, the strategies that have been reported to enhance the stretchability of conductive polymers and composites based on PEDOT and PEDOT:PSS are highlighted. These strategies include blending with plasticizers or polymers, deposition on elastomers, formation of fibers and gels, and the use of intrinsically stretchable scaffolds for the polymerization of PEDOT. SN - 1521-4095 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30600559/Stretchable_Conductive_Polymers_and_Composites_Based_on_PEDOT_and_PEDOT:PSS_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201806133 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -