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Reliability of Americleft Yardstick Nasolabial Appearance Assessment With/Without Basal View for Japanese Children With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2019 08; 56(7):953-959.CP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

There is debate on the reliability of the Americleft Yardstick (AY) global nasolabial appearance assessment method. The objective was to analyze the effect of the additional basal view (BV) feature on the reliability of the AY method for Japanese children with complete cleft lip and palate (CUCLP).

DESIGN

Blind retrospective analysis of clinical records on 43 patients (5- to 7-year-old) with nonsyndromic CUCLP who underwent primary lip repair from 2005 to 2011.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Color pictures published in AY and Rubin's studies were used as reference pictures. Patients' photographs were cropped and rated on a 5-point scale for the vermilion border (VB), nasolabial frontal (NLF), and nasolabial profile (NLP) according to AY with/without BV assessment by Rubin's methods. Rating was performed twice by 3 oral surgeons. Intra- and inter-rater reliabilities were analyzed using weighted κ, and correlations between BV and other features were analyzed.

RESULTS

Overall average assessment scores were 2.742 (0.573) with AY and 2.702 (0.489) with AY+BV methods (P = .728). Average intra-rater reliabilities were 0.605 and 0.611 and average inter-rater reliabilities were 0.525 and 0.48 with AY and AY+BV, respectively. Inter-rater reliability was the lowest for NLP. ρ scores between BV versus VB, NLF, and NLP were 0.025, 0.659, and 0.092, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

Present study demonstrates moderate intra- and inter-rater reliabilities obtained with the AY assessment method for Japanese children with CUCLP. Nasolabial profile standard ambiguity may lead to the poor reliability of AY assessment. Addition of the BV feature does not improve overall reliability.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Field of Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan. 2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagoshima University Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan.1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Field of Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Field of Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagoshima University Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan.1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Field of Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30602307

Citation

Amir, Muhammad Subhan, et al. "Reliability of Americleft Yardstick Nasolabial Appearance Assessment With/Without Basal View for Japanese Children With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate." The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, vol. 56, no. 7, 2019, pp. 953-959.
Amir MS, Fuchigami T, Kibe T, et al. Reliability of Americleft Yardstick Nasolabial Appearance Assessment With/Without Basal View for Japanese Children With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2019;56(7):953-959.
Amir, M. S., Fuchigami, T., Kibe, T., Tezuka, M., Ishihata, K., & Nakamura, N. (2019). Reliability of Americleft Yardstick Nasolabial Appearance Assessment With/Without Basal View for Japanese Children With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate. The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, 56(7), 953-959. https://doi.org/10.1177/1055665618818679
Amir MS, et al. Reliability of Americleft Yardstick Nasolabial Appearance Assessment With/Without Basal View for Japanese Children With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2019;56(7):953-959. PubMed PMID: 30602307.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reliability of Americleft Yardstick Nasolabial Appearance Assessment With/Without Basal View for Japanese Children With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate. AU - Amir,Muhammad Subhan, AU - Fuchigami,Takao, AU - Kibe,Toshiro, AU - Tezuka,Masahiro, AU - Ishihata,Kiyohide, AU - Nakamura,Norifumi, Y1 - 2019/01/02/ PY - 2019/1/4/pubmed PY - 2020/8/11/medline PY - 2019/1/4/entrez KW - facial morphology KW - lip form KW - nasal morphology SP - 953 EP - 959 JF - The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association JO - Cleft Palate Craniofac J VL - 56 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: There is debate on the reliability of the Americleft Yardstick (AY) global nasolabial appearance assessment method. The objective was to analyze the effect of the additional basal view (BV) feature on the reliability of the AY method for Japanese children with complete cleft lip and palate (CUCLP). DESIGN: Blind retrospective analysis of clinical records on 43 patients (5- to 7-year-old) with nonsyndromic CUCLP who underwent primary lip repair from 2005 to 2011. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Color pictures published in AY and Rubin's studies were used as reference pictures. Patients' photographs were cropped and rated on a 5-point scale for the vermilion border (VB), nasolabial frontal (NLF), and nasolabial profile (NLP) according to AY with/without BV assessment by Rubin's methods. Rating was performed twice by 3 oral surgeons. Intra- and inter-rater reliabilities were analyzed using weighted κ, and correlations between BV and other features were analyzed. RESULTS: Overall average assessment scores were 2.742 (0.573) with AY and 2.702 (0.489) with AY+BV methods (P = .728). Average intra-rater reliabilities were 0.605 and 0.611 and average inter-rater reliabilities were 0.525 and 0.48 with AY and AY+BV, respectively. Inter-rater reliability was the lowest for NLP. ρ scores between BV versus VB, NLF, and NLP were 0.025, 0.659, and 0.092, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Present study demonstrates moderate intra- and inter-rater reliabilities obtained with the AY assessment method for Japanese children with CUCLP. Nasolabial profile standard ambiguity may lead to the poor reliability of AY assessment. Addition of the BV feature does not improve overall reliability. SN - 1545-1569 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30602307/Reliability_of_Americleft_Yardstick_Nasolabial_Appearance_Assessment_With/Without_Basal_View_for_Japanese_Children_With_Unilateral_Complete_Cleft_Lip_and_Palate_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1055665618818679?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -