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Asessing the male body image: Spanish validation of two instruments.
Psychiatry Res. 2019 02; 272:483-490.PR

Abstract

Despite the literature suggesting that body dissatisfaction is increasing among males, only few measures on specific body image concerns in men have been validated in Spanish male populations. The aim of this study was to reassess the factor structure of the Spanish versions of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MMDI) and the Adonis Complex Questionnaire (ACQ). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 298 Sport Sciences male students to examine: reliability, the factorial structure, and several evidences of validity -concurrent and convergent- of both scales. The questionnaires present adequate reliability. The three-factor structure proposed for the MMDI was replicated. Nevertheless, the confirmatory factor analysis supports a second-order factor structure for the ACQ instead of the three-factor structure proposed. Moreover, the MDDI shows greater association than ACQ with the variables studied. This study represents an advance in the use of adequate and reliable scales of body image tools in the Hispanic population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biological and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: anarosa.sepulveda@uam.es.Department of Biological and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.Department of Biological and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.Department of Biological and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.School of Human and Behavioral Sciences, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30611968

Citation

Sepúlveda, Ana R., et al. "Asessing the Male Body Image: Spanish Validation of Two Instruments." Psychiatry Research, vol. 272, 2019, pp. 483-490.
Sepúlveda AR, Rica R, Moreno A, et al. Asessing the male body image: Spanish validation of two instruments. Psychiatry Res. 2019;272:483-490.
Sepúlveda, A. R., Rica, R., Moreno, A., Román, F. J., & Compte, E. J. (2019). Asessing the male body image: Spanish validation of two instruments. Psychiatry Research, 272, 483-490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.125
Sepúlveda AR, et al. Asessing the Male Body Image: Spanish Validation of Two Instruments. Psychiatry Res. 2019;272:483-490. PubMed PMID: 30611968.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Asessing the male body image: Spanish validation of two instruments. AU - Sepúlveda,Ana R, AU - Rica,Robin, AU - Moreno,Alba, AU - Román,Francisco J, AU - Compte,Emilio J, Y1 - 2018/12/25/ PY - 2018/09/05/received PY - 2018/12/22/revised PY - 2018/12/23/accepted PY - 2019/1/7/pubmed PY - 2019/5/9/medline PY - 2019/1/7/entrez KW - Confirmatory analyses KW - Drive for muscularity KW - Males KW - Men's body image KW - Muscle dysmorphia KW - Sport Sciences SP - 483 EP - 490 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 272 N2 - Despite the literature suggesting that body dissatisfaction is increasing among males, only few measures on specific body image concerns in men have been validated in Spanish male populations. The aim of this study was to reassess the factor structure of the Spanish versions of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MMDI) and the Adonis Complex Questionnaire (ACQ). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 298 Sport Sciences male students to examine: reliability, the factorial structure, and several evidences of validity -concurrent and convergent- of both scales. The questionnaires present adequate reliability. The three-factor structure proposed for the MMDI was replicated. Nevertheless, the confirmatory factor analysis supports a second-order factor structure for the ACQ instead of the three-factor structure proposed. Moreover, the MDDI shows greater association than ACQ with the variables studied. This study represents an advance in the use of adequate and reliable scales of body image tools in the Hispanic population. SN - 1872-7123 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30611968/Asessing_the_male_body_image:_Spanish_validation_of_two_instruments L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(18)31657-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -