Multiplex immunoassay of chicken cytokines via highly-sensitive chemiluminescent imaging array.Anal Chim Acta. 2019 Feb 21; 1049:213-218.AC
Quantitative detection of multiple chicken cytokines is a good evaluation of cell-mediated immunity in chickens after disease infection or vaccination. However, current assay methods for chicken cytokines cannot meet the needs of clinical diagnosis due to unsatisfactory sensitivity and low assay throughput. Herein, a sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) imaging immunosensor array has been developed for high-throughput detection of multiple chicken cytokines. The chicken cytokines immunosensor array was prepared by assembling different cytokine capture antibodies onto a disposable silanized glass chip, where horseradish peroxidase and antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles were used as multienzymatic amplification probe for CL imaging signal amplification. By using a sandwich assay mode, the amplified CL signals from each sensing array cell were collected for quantitation. Using chicken interleukin-4 and chicken interferon-γ as model cytokines, this novel multiplexed and amplified method demonstrated simultaneous measurement of the two chicken cytokines in the linear ranges of 0.008-0.12 ng/mL and 0.005-0.20 ng/mL, respectively, which yields limits of detection down to 2 pg/mL and 3 pg/mL. The CL imaging array method reported here also demonstrated high specificity, good repeatability, and high stability and accuracy, providing a novel multiplex immunoassay strategy for highly sensitive and high-throughput detection of chicken cytokines and further disease diagnosis in poultry.